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Saintpaulia is the second name of this beautiful flower, which will not leave anyone indifferent.
The tenderness of this flower, the variety of colors, the grace of the petals - everything in the violet is harmonious and attractive.
What is the story of the violet?
And it begins in 1892, when it was first discovered by Baron Walter Saint Paul, hence its name. By the 20th of the 20th century, Saintpaulia was already grown on a serious industrial scale. Then they began to receive its various types and varieties, in 1949 the first list of varieties was published.
The violet was brought to Russia in 1960, and here it was guaranteed instant success and recognition.
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Varieties of varieties of violets
Today, the varieties of violets are very diverse and you can find hundreds of its colors and types.
Double, simple and fringed flowers of all shades delight the eyes and delight the eye, but let's take a closer look at the most common varieties.
- Ribbed - flowers have one or two borders of different shades. It is very demanding on the conditions of detention. It has an amazing ability, when the ambient temperature rises, to reduce the intensity of the color of the border almost to complete disappearance, in case of its decrease - to reappear.
- Green-flowered - the border around the edge of the flower has a greenish or light green tint. A special difference from other varieties is the increased content of chlorophyll, therefore it blooms for a long time - within 6 months.
- Caucasian - a miniature view with great perspectives. From the name it is clear that it grows on the slopes of the Caucasus Mountains, winters well and the greens retain their color for a long time.
- Labrador - takes root very well in a new place. Blooms vigorously.
The place of the original growth of this delicate flower is the mountains of Africa, because the violet prefers moist, warm and shaded places, but direct sunlight is contraindicated for it. This is the basic principle of caring for violets.
Low temperatures and drafts are also intolerable to violets.
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Diseases and pests of violets
The most common diseases of violets caused by infections are:
- Late blight - the most dangerous disease. It is caused by a fungus that develops on the leaves and in the soil, therefore the prevention of this frequent disease is to prevent an increase in the humidity of the room and soil, and the treatment is only to cut out the entire diseased flower and sterilize the flower pot.
- Powdery mildew - also caused by a fungus. It manifests itself in the form of a white bloom as a result of poor ventilation of the room plus a low temperature in the room. Prevention is to regularly wipe the violet leaves with a damp cloth and keep the windowsill clean.
- Decay of roots... To preserve the diseased violet, it is necessary to transplant it into a pot with fresh and loose soil.
Pests of violets are:
- scale insects (in the places of their bite, the leaves become deformed and uneven, covered with dark spots. Since the worms live in an earthen coma around the roots, for the treatment of the plant it is necessary to transplant it into new soil, having previously shaken off the old soil from its root system),
- aphid (greenish insects feed on the juice of violets, affecting buds, leaves and stems, as a result of which the plant blooms inadequately and often dies),
- pincers (Several types of mites can attack violets. Treatment is carried out with chemicals).
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Reproduction of violets
There are several types of breeding methods for violets:
1. Rooting a violet leaf in water - cutting off the stem of the violet along an oblique line, and the larger the area of the resulting cut is obtained, the more roots will be able to form, we put the leaf in a container with boiled water to a depth of no more than 2 cm, while trying not to touch the lower edge of the leaf.
The emergence of roots occurs within one or two weeks. The leaf may begin to rot, the cut must be renewed and placed in another container with fresh water.
2. Sowing with seeds. This method is more complex. Seed germination is quite long, with this method, sowing of violets can be carried out throughout the year, provided there is sufficient lighting on short winter days.
3. Violet babies - appear at the base of the mother plant and can be separated into other containers when the size of a diameter of 5 cm is reached. The ground for children should be crumbly, they are watered only a day after planting, and for the first time they are kept under a bag to create the desired microclimate.
We wish you, applying our advice, to grow these amazing flowers, which, in gratitude and attention to them, will delight you with their beauty and vibrant colors of summer!