Garden primrose is one of the most beautiful perennials

Garden primrose is one of the most beautiful perennials

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Primrose or primrose - This is a wonderful herb from the primrose family. Its name comes from the Latin word prímus, which means "first, early", as the primrose blooms one of the first in early spring.

This delightful flower is also called "ram" (the leaves have a wavy shape and are similar to the back of a lamb) or "key" (flowers, arranged in groups, resemble a bunch of keys).

The garden primrose pleases the eye with a variety of shapes and colors, because it contains the entire palette of colors: these are monochromatic flowers, and two-color, and spotted with reddish, white, purple, bluish colors. The flowers themselves on the stem are placed either singly or collected in beautiful inflorescences of various shapes.

Primrose is grown at home, used as an element of landscape design, planting on flower beds in gardens. But primrose ordinary have found application in cooking.

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The variety of species of garden primrose

All types of garden primrose can be divided into 7 classes, 23 sections, about 500 species. But more convenient for practical use is the division based on the timing of flowering, the shape of the flowers, the peculiarities of the location of inflorescences.

Depending on the location of the inflorescences and on the shape of the flowers, the following types are distinguished:

  • Bell-shaped primrose with drooping flowers on a high stem
  • Umbrella primrose with a rounded high umbrella
  • Spherical primrose (inflorescences are capitate)
  • Candelabra primrose (inflorescences are arranged in several tiers)
  • Cushion-shaped primrose with single flowers on thin peduncles, which are located throughout the bush.

Garden primrose, taking into account the timing of flowering, is divided into early flowering and summer flowering.

How to plant primrose at home?

This plant can be propagated using seeds (you need to collect them in the summer), dividing bushes, rosettes. Propagation of primrose by dividing the bush is best done during transplantation, the most optimal time is autumn or spring. To plant this plant, you need to use loose soil, with the addition of peat, turf and leafy soil.

Watering is important in growing primrose, as it does not like dry soil and dies in it. Water the plant especially abundantly immediately after planting. It is best to feed it after the first buds appear with liquid fertilizers.

Primrose - home care

Growing a primrose as a houseplant has some peculiarities.

So it is better to put pots with this plant on the west or northwest side, because the primrose does not like direct sunlight. The temperature in the room should not be very high, within 10-12 ℃.

In the summer, you need to place pots of primroses on the balcony, where she can get fresh air and grow in the shade.

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Planting and caring for perennial primrose

When planting a primrose, you need to be guided by the main rule - to create conditions as close as possible to natural ones! Since this plant does not like direct sunlight, the best place for it will be shaded areas in the corner of the garden or under the trees. The ideal soil for moisture-loving primroses is clayey, as it has sufficient permeability to water.

A prerequisite is the use of organic fertilizers, because then the soil will be saturated with nutrients. In addition to adding fertilizers before planting, you need to periodically feed the plant. The first time is carried out after the snow melts with mineral fertilizers, the second - after several weeks with the help of superphosphate.

The best time for the third feeding is the end of June, when organic fertilizers in combination with superphosphate are laid. The end of August is the best option for adding superphosphate to prepare for winter.

Another important point is soil loosening, which increases the permeability of water and fertilizers.

For long-term planting, it is imperative to plant primroses once every 3-4 years by dividing it into sockets. Leaves on primroses in the fall should not be torn off, but primrose and Japanese primrose should also be covered with foliage to protect it from the cold.

Primrose pests

In the spring-summer period, it is important to protect primrose from pests: aphids, weevils, slugs, flea beetles, mushrooms. Indeed, if damaged, the leaves will dry out, flowering weakens, and the plant will lose its beautiful appearance.

In the fight against pests, 2% foundationol, 1% Bordeaux mixture, 1% nitrophene are used.

You can plant primrose garden one by one, in mixed flower beds, alpine slides. Daffodils, phloxes, irises get along well with primroses, creating a unique sea of ​​colors.

With proper and proper care, these flowers will always delight the eye!

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