Dahlia - queen among flowers at the autumn ball

Dahlia - queen among flowers at the autumn ball

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The widest range of colors of dahlias, the shape of flowers and sizes will leave few people indifferent. They are so beautiful and exquisite that there is no other way to call it a "miracle of nature"!

Dahlias belong to root-tuber non-wintering perennials. The stem is branched, hollow and therefore brittle. Plant height from 30 cm to 1.5 m.

The flowers are simple and complex in structure, large and small. Dahlias are perennial and annual.

The plant is thermophilic and does not tolerate frost. Sandy loam and loamy soils, well fertilized, are more suitable. Flowers are bred by seeds, dividing tubers and cuttings.

Annual dahlias

They are not inferior in beauty or color spectrum to perennials. They grow outdoors and in flower pots. For indoor cultivation, special dwarf varieties have been bred.

Annual flowers are low up to 50 cm, with a long period of bud formation and flowering. They bloom beautifully and profusely, as if feeling that in a short time it is necessary not only to grow, but also to have time to form seeds for the future.

One-year-old dahlias easily get along with other types of flowers. Caring for them is a little easier: you do not need to pinch and pinch them like perennials, you can not tie them up. To maintain the aesthetic appearance, it is enough to remove wilted inflorescences. The methods of growing annual dahlias are the same as those of perennials.

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It is necessary to plant dahlias in the ground after the frost has finally passed.

It is recommended to change the areas of planting flowers annually and plant them in the same places no earlier than after 3 years.

After growing dahlias, it is advisable to sow the soil with lupines. This legume is a good green manure, i.e. they are specially planted land plots for incorporation into the soil as an organic fertilizer.

Dahlias love light, do not tolerate drafts and excess moisture. The most optimal planting order is from east to west, in the direction of the sun.

Planting annual dahlia seeds

One-year-old dahlias are propagated by seeds, less often by dividing the tubers.
In cold regions, seeds are planted in boxes at the beginning of March. Containers with drainage holes are filled with moderately moist garden soil and humus.

Seeds sprout quickly (after 3-5 days).

About 2 weeks after the sprouts appear, when the first full leaf is formed, the dahlia seedlings are planted at a distance of about 10 cm. But it is better to immediately transplant them into separate flower pots.

At the end of the May frosts in the northern regions, the seedlings are transplanted to a site at a distance of 30-60 cm, taking into account the size of the future bush.

In warm regions, seeds can be sown directly outdoors from mid-April.
In the soil, grooves are made with a depth of 1-2 cm with a distance between them up to 5 cm, the seeds are laid out, and sprinkled on top with a layer of earth.

Planting tubers in a flower pot

The principle of cultivation and planting of annual and perennial dahlias tubers is the same.
The process of planting a dahlia tuber in a flower pot is simple, the most important thing is that the root is intact (otherwise the flower will be either weak or the tuber will simply rot over time) and a special soil mixture (sand with peat or with sawdust of deciduous trees) is used.

Important: when planting a tuber, do not cover the root collar with earth, but leave it open.

Planting tubers in open ground

Depending on the variety of dahlia and to obtain beautiful inflorescences, the distance between the tubers must be observed when planting. The space between large specimens should be about 1 m, medium - 70 cm, dwarf varieties - 50-60 cm.

In the southern regions, tubers are planted in the ground already from mid-April, in cold regions - it is necessary to wait until the end of spring frosts and plant in late May - early June.

Dig a hole about 20 cm deep and moisten it. Place a pole next to it to further tether the plant. The tuber is placed in the hole so that the upper part can be sprinkled on top with fine lumpy earth 5-8 cm. Immediately after planting, the root can not be watered. Watering is done as needed.

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Planting and breeding by cuttings

In the southern regions, plant cuttings in the second half of May, and in the northern regions in early June.

In late February - early March, tubers are planted in wet compost in a container. For the next 3 weeks, the planting material should be in a well-lit, warm place. Watering if necessary.

When the sprouts of dahlias reach 8-10 cm, they are cut or broken out "with the heel." This is the stalk. Immediately after cutting, the cutting can be placed either in water or in a prepared soil mixture for rooting.

At the end of May, they can be planted in open ground. To do this, a hole is dug (slightly larger than the size of a clod of earth at the root of the cutting), planting material is placed there and evenly filled with earth. The irrigation regime is determined by weather conditions or as needed.

Dahlia care: easy and soulful

Dahlia bloom differs in duration. And in order for the plant to give a beautiful flower, it is recommended to carry out pinching, i.e. remove excess and weak shoots, leaving no more than three. A large number of bud ovaries will reduce the size of the flowers themselves.

If you remove the side buds and leave only the central branch, you can achieve enlargement of the inflorescences. This technique of forming a bush and inflorescences is called pinching.

Watering plants is carried out taking into account natural conditions, the amount of precipitation and as needed. Flowers tolerate an excess of moisture with difficulty, but they love "showers". If the weather is dry during the period of bud formation, you need to water a little more often.

Throughout the entire period of growth and flowering of dahlias, periodically feed with liquid nitrogen-containing fertilizer.

Tall bushes or large inflorescences need good support. Choose a soft material for the garter, because the stem of the plant, although strong enough, is delicate in structure.

Regularly remove wilted inflorescences, this will preserve the beautiful appearance of the plant and extend the flowering period.
When destroying weeds, it is not recommended to deeply loosen the ground with glanders, since the roots of dahlias are shallow.

It is better to cover the aisles with peat or compost, this will save moisture and stop the growth of weeds.

In principle, dahlias do not require any special growing and care conditions. A little time, work, care and flowers of various colors and colors, size and shape will delight you and decorate the earth.

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Watch the video: How to Plant, Grow u0026 Care for Dahlias - The COMPLETE Guide (May 2022).