Astilba is the goddess of the shady garden. Growing secrets

Astilba is the goddess of the shady garden. Growing secrets

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Astilba - shade-tolerant, perennial plant that loves moist soil. Height varies from 30 to 150 cm, depending on the variety. Flowering also depends on the variety.

You can make a garden composition with the use of various types of Astilbe, which will delight with its flowering all season.

In nature, it most often grows on the wet shores of lakes and rivers, as well as in mountainous areas. Not only airy panicles of the most varied colors, but also carved foliage, make this plant indispensable for a long-playing garden.

Astilba needs to be divided 4-6 years after planting. You can understand when it is necessary to rejuvenate a bush by the intensity of flowering.

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Reproduction of astilbe

Astilba reproduces in three ways, the first of which is the division of rhizomes mainly in spring, although autumn is also permissible. When dividing in the fall, it is important to know that the plant needs about a month before frost to recover.

The second method is reproduction by sowing seeds, this is necessary for breeding new species. This method is usually not used by gardeners, as the seeds often do not have time to ripen. If the coveted bag is purchased in a store, then all actions are similar to the reproduction of many perennial flowers in this way.

At the beginning of March, surface sowing is carried out for seedlings (seedlings hatch for 12-15 days), watering, diving in the phase of two true leaves and planting in the fall in open ground with obligatory shelter for the winter. Seedlings will delight with flowering for 3-4 years.

The third method is kidney renewal. It is advisable to carry out this operation in early spring, while there is no foliage and only the growth buds are visible. Without digging up the plant, you need to cut off the bud with a small part of the root system.

Treat it in a weak manganese solution and plant in a mixture of humus, peat and garden soil, covered with polyethylene. Transplant to a permanent place either in the fall or in the spring of next year.

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Planting and caring for astilbe

You need to start by choosing a landing site. Astilba prefers humid places, lit in the morning hours. The midday sun can lead to the cessation of flowering, disease and wilting.

Many varieties can grow in areas with close to the surface groundwater and withstand short-term flooding. Having chosen a place, it is necessary to prepare the landing pits (distance 30-40 cm).

Humus, half a glass of bone meal and complex fertilizer are added to them. We plant and mulch the soil by 4-5 cm. Mulch can be very diverse: peat, bark, gravel, cut grass. It is not recommended to use fresh sawdust in this capacity - they make the soil acidic. The plant, after planting, requires frequent watering for two weeks.

Care consists in the obligatory abundant watering during dry periods, weeding, shallow loosening and mulching of the soil. Top dressing before flowering is made with herbal infusion or complex fertilizers, after flowering - with phosphorus-potassium. The faded stems are cut off.

With proper care, it is almost not damaged by diseases. In the fall, the base is sprinkled with fertile soil, since the root system grows upward. For the winter, it is advisable to cover Astilba with spruce branches to avoid freezing in winters with little snow.

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Using astilbe in your flower garden

ANDstilba looks great both in mixed plantings and in separate bushes. Low-growing varieties can be used in stone compositions and borders. Perfect for decorating ponds.

It is advisable to pick up such neighbors who would not cover its foliage, pleasing the eye all season. Combines with hosts, geyher, ferns, bergenia and lilies of the valley.

It is possible to grow Astilba at home, as a houseplant. Some gardeners are engaged in forcing it. To do this, in the fall, they are transplanted into a container and placed in a cool place.

At the end of December, they are placed in a well-lit place. They begin to water, gradually increasing the volume of liquid and temperature. By March 8, flower stalks appear.

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  1. Sachin

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  2. Slaton

    It is remarkable, very valuable information

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