Caring for black currants will bring a big harvest

Caring for black currants will bring a big harvest

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Black currant is one of the most widely grown plants on the backyard. Its berries have a pleasant sour taste, and the berry is good for homemade preparations in any form.

Therefore, she is a welcome guest on 6 acres. In order for the bushes to delight with their harvest, it is necessary to know the peculiarities of its cultivation and care.

Planting black currant bushes

First of all, we choose the varieties. There are a large number of varieties on sale, but you give preference to zoned ones, that is, suitable for your natural conditions. Also, some new varieties are resistant to diseases and pests.

Black currant can please with a large quantity and quality of the crop, if you know one trick. It turns out that the number and size of berries increases if different varieties grow nearby.

This is due to the better pollination of plants. And although all are self-pollinated, but in the course of cross-pollination, the number of ovaries increases, and the size of the fruits increases.

Currant seedlings with a closed root system are planted in spring, summer, and autumn, but still, it is better to do this in autumn - in September - October.

If the root system is open, then it is preferable to plant seedlings only in the fall. During the winter, the soil around the bushes subsides and compresses, and after the snow melts, the plants will start to grow and take root better.

When planting, currant bushes are placed with a distance of 1-1.30 m. Black currant loves sunlight and moisture. And although it can bear fruit with a little shading, it is still better to choose a bright place, a moist, lowered area that is sufficiently protected from the wind.

At the same time, there is no need to choose places where the groundwater is low. The best option is light loam. On acidic soils, black currant grows poorly and bears fruit.

On the selected site, the ground is leveled so that there are no deep holes, it is dug up, weeds are removed, including the rhizomes of various perennial plants, and the holes are prepared. Each should be about 40 cm deep, and 55-60 cm in diameter. It is covered with fertile soil about ¾ of its depth, with the addition of fertilizers.

The seedling must have a lignified root system, at least 4-5 skeletal roots. The length of each root should be at least 20 cm long. The aerial part of the plant should have at least two branches with a distance of 35-45 cm. Damaged or dried roots are pruned, the seedling is buried 7-8 cm just above the root collar.

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Due to the deepening at the base of the root collar, basal buds appear, which in spring will be the stems of the bush. Before landing in the pit, half a bucket of water is poured into it. After planting, the surface is mulched with peat.

Caring for black currant bushes

During the entire growing season, under the black currant bush, the soil should be weeded and loosened regularly, but not everywhere the same. If next to the root collar, then to a depth of 6-8 cm, if at a distance from it, then to a depth of 10-12 cm. When mulching, moisture is better preserved.

In the fall, under the bushes, the heavy soil is dug shallowly and left in this form for the winter, so that the moisture reserve in the soil is preserved, and the plant overwinters well. If the soil is light and fluffy enough, you can loosen the soil less deeply to 6-8 centimeters near the bushes, but between the plants you need to dig at a distance of at least 9-11 centimeters.

Of all berry bushes, black currant is considered the most moisture-loving. Its root system is located in the upper layer of the earth, at a depth of up to 30 cm. Therefore, it is important to water the berries during the period of ovary formation, and this is at the beginning of July, between the end of June and the beginning of July in dry weather.

It is also important to keep the soil moist after harvesting in late summer.

It is important to shed plant soil before the cold season, especially if the fall is dry. One bush needs 25-30 liters of water.

After picking berries for the prevention of various diseases, the bushes should be sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid and after two weeks, repeat the treatment. It is necessary to cut out and preferably burn sick and old branches, clean up under the bushes by removing dry leaves and spoiled berries, feed the plants with mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium.

Carry out additional feeding in the amount of 60-80 g of superphosphate per 1 bush. It will be happy to plants and organic fertilizing - take a bucket of humus and mulch the earth with it.

In the spring, the plants are examined. In early spring, always before bud break, the bushes are sprayed with boiling water. This is how many wintering pests die. An important measure for plant protection is the removal of buds with a mite, which are distinguished by a round shape. Rotted manure is placed under the bush to provide the plant with food.

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Reproduction of black currant bushes

If you liked the fruiting bush, then you can propagate it. In the spring, bend the currant branch and sprinkle it with earth so that the branch will root. In the fall, after the growing season, we transplant it to a new place.

Black currant bushes in the garden are a source of vitamins and other nutrients. In addition to berries, from which you can prepare various homemade preparations.

You can use leaves for tea leaves that contain essential oils, biologically active substances, vitamins, including vitamin C. Thanks to this, black currant leaves are widely used in folk medicine.

Watch the video: Growing Currants: Troubleshooting 4 Common Problems (August 2022).