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Sorrel is a perennial herb that belongs to the buckwheat family.
In the first year after planting, a rosette with basal leaves is formed, and in the second year, a flowering stem is formed.
The leaves of this plant are entire, arrow-shaped, petiolate, alternate with a pronounced central vein. The stalk of the sorrel reaches a meter in height, it is erect and ends at the top with a paniculate inflorescence.
Flowering begins in July - these are small dioecious inflorescences. The plant in question has been in demand since prehistoric times for all peoples; it played a large role in nutrition even in the days of gathering.
As a garden crop, sorrel began to be grown in the Middle Ages, but now it is grown everywhere and grows wild in meadows.
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The benefits of sorrel
- Sorrel leaves help to satisfy the vitamin hunger in the spring, when a person especially lacks them.
- The plant is used for cooking cabbage soup and salads, for making pie fillings.
- Sorrel tastes good and is very popular among the people as a food plant, it resists the development of putrefactive processes in the intestines, improves digestion.
- It is best to consume the leaves of the plant harvested before flowering in late May.
- Sorrel increases the secretion of gastric juice, so people with kidney disease, gout, urolithiasis, gastritis with high acidity and gastric ulcer should be careful when eating it.
- Healthy people should also consume sorrel in moderation, as the high oxalic acid content of the plant can irritate the kidneys if consumed too long and often.
- In folk medicine, sorrel is used as an antiscorbutic agent.
- The plant helps to improve the function of the gallbladder, liver, stimulates digestive processes, is used for skin rashes and itching.
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Standard fit sorrel
Sorrel should be planted in a well-fertilized area. These can be beds where beets, carrots, white cabbage and cauliflower, celery or radishes, parsley or potatoes, and cucumbers previously grew. In such a soil, all organic and mineral elements are contained in sufficient quantities. It is best to use seeds of the second year of storage for planting.
Seed germination is carried out at a temperature of 15 to 23 degrees Celsius. Watering the plant is carried out in accordance with the weather conditions: forget about watering for a while if it is hot outside, since flower stalks will grow at this time.
Transplanting is not required for three years after planting. A transplant will only be needed when smaller and coarser leaves begin to grow next year. The reason for the decrease in yield is the increase in the volume of oxalic acid.
When growing sorrel, you should use top dressing in the form of organic elements, minerals and fertile substrates. Loamy soils and black soil are best suited.
If you are not able to provide fertile soil, then it is the use of fertilizers as top dressing that will save the situation. Provide good watering, as lack of water will not form large enough leaves, but too much moisture will cause the sorrel root system to die and freeze.
It is best to use a solution of bird droppings, mullein, urea with superphosphates, as well as nitrogen and potassium fertilizers as top dressing. Nitrates hardly accumulate in greens.
Growing sorrel at home
Sorrel can be grown in the garden and even at home on the windowsill. Grow best at home: Odessa broadleaf, Altai and Maikop varieties.
The plant can tolerate a little shading without any particular complications, so it is better to choose a north-west or north window for growing. The room temperature can be from 5 to 20 degrees, under such conditions, growth will be optimal.
It is best to choose sour loams, rich in humus. You can also use a slightly acidic soil of a universal type.
The depth of the grooves for planting should be 0.8-1 cm. Make a distance of 6-7 cm between the rows, fill the grooves with finely sifted humus.
After descending, thin out the plant and leave a maximum distance of 5 cm. Water your home sorrel regularly, making sure that there is always a damp substrate in the box. Feed with granular or concentrated fertilizer a couple of times a month.
Do not forget about pests - it can be a rhubarb weevil, a sawfly, or a sorrel leaf bite. Propagate sorrel with rhizomes or seeds.
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