Tips for gardeners on growing radishes at home

Tips for gardeners on growing radishes at home

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Radish (from Lat. - "root") is considered the first spring vegetable, since there is no more early maturing root vegetable than radish. But for its flowering and ripening of fruits, a long daylight is needed, otherwise an arrow with seeds will not be able to form.

Secrets of planting and caring for radishes

Planting and care of such an unpretentious vegetable as a radish can be carried out under a film, or in the open field. You can harvest from one garden bed 3-4 times a season.

Radish is considered a cold-resistant plant, capable of withstanding 5-6 degrees of frost, but the most suitable temperature would be 17-20 degrees.

Any gardener can face such a problem when the radish goes to the arrow, then blooms, and as a result, the roots do not appear. To avoid this, it is necessary to avoid a high density of sowing, dry soil and low temperatures. It is not necessary to apply fresh manure for sowing, since the leaves can grow, and the roots will turn out to be hollow.

Gardeners who want to get a good harvest should know initially in what soil and how to plant radishes. It's not for nothing that the proverb says: as you sow, so will you reap.

  • First, choose fertile soil in a sunny location for early sowing or shaded areas in the middle of summer.
  • Secondly, it is advisable to soak the seeds for 12 hours before sowing.
  • Thirdly, the garden must be prepared in advance. In the open ground, it must be done in mid-April: pour hot water, dig it to the depth of a shovel, add about 3 kg of humus, add 1 tbsp. spoon nitrophosphate, dig up again with a pitchfork 11-12 cm deep, then level and compact a little. Make grooves to a depth of about 2.5-3 cm and at a distance of 8-10 cm, then pour water at 33-35 degrees and start sowing. Seeds are sown into grooves at a distance of 2.5-3 cm from each other to a depth of 2 cm. It is not worth sowing deeper, as the fruits may not set. If sowing early, you need to cover it with foil to a height of about 50 cm from the garden.
  • Fourth, it is better to plant radishes in spring or in the second half of summer: April 16-27, May 10-11 and 22-24, August 1-10.

When the radish planting is complete, you need to wait for the shoots. Five days after their emergence, the seedlings must be thinned out by removing weak plants. Radish requires irrigation by sprinkling (at home - from a watering can). When the bed is weathered, loosening must be done.

In order to combat cruciferous flea beetles and cabbage flies, dry mustard or pepper can be poured between the rows before loosening in a ratio of 1 sq. meter one teaspoon. In the process of growing radish, the method of pollination of its leaves with ash or tobacco dust helps. If the plant affects the keel, as a result of which growths are formed on the roots, such fruits must be immediately destroyed, and no more radishes should be planted in their place.

Watering the beds at the beginning of radish growth should be done in small doses, but more often. Watering reduces the fruits to a moderate size, otherwise, only the tops will grow, the fruit in this case does not form, or it turns out to be empty.

You should know that if the radish subsequently tastes bitter and tough, then it was watered badly, and if it cracked, then it was watered a lot, in excess.

In 20-25 days the radish ripens. If it grows very slowly, while its leaves are pale green, it is necessary to "feed" the vegetable: 1 teaspoon of crystallin, urea, or GROWTH, dilute in 10 liters of water. Such a solution should be 3.5-4 liters per 1 square meter. Stir it well and water the beds.

Now it is important not to miss the moment of harvesting radishes, since you cannot be late with it. If the moment is missed, the fruits become coarse, and the radish goes to the arrow. Root crops that have already ripened must be dug up, the tops must be cut off and the vegetables must be put in plastic bags. It is recommended to store at a temperature of 2-3 degrees.

It will be useful for every gardener to know how to plant carrots.

For tips on growing high-yielding potatoes, see our article.

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Radish varieties for every taste and color

Every gardener should know the varieties of radish, since the ripening period depends on them. According to the term, there are three types of varieties: early ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening.

1. Early ripening (ripening period is 18-30 days)

Radish 18 days. The most popular variety, as it is very productive and early ripening. It ripens in 18-19 days. Its roots are bright red, mild, with white juicy flesh, slightly spicy in taste.

Rhodes. More suitable for growing under cover, or for early or late sowing directly in open field. Has a slight tendency to porosity. Its root crop is bright red, round.

Early red. A very productive variety, the most resistant to shooting. The root vegetable is dark red in color, has a rounded shape, with white, delicate, tasty pulp. Planting is carried out both under the film in the greenhouse, and directly into the open ground.

Corundum. This variety ripens evenly within 24-25 days. Its root vegetable is round and carmine red in color. Grown in any soil.

Heat. The variety is fruitful, with small, dark red roots, 4-5 centimeters in diameter, and white, juicy flesh. Suitable for early sowing in any type of soil. This variety is drought tolerant.
French breakfast. Ripens in 20-22 days. Its roots are bright scarlet, but their tip is white. The weight is 17-20 grams.

Greenhouse. A variety with a pink root with a white tip, resistant to shooting.
Greenhouse mushroom. Differs from other varieties in amicable ripening. The variety is resistant to shooting.

Ruby. Has excellent taste. Root crops are red, round-flat in shape.

Sachs. The ripening period is 25-28 days. The root vegetable is dense, has a deep red color and white flesh with a sweet-spicy taste.

Duro. The yield reaches 2.5kg / m2. Resistant to shooting.

Lyubava. The root crop has an oblong shape.

Spraying trees will help you get a high yield.

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2. Mid-season (ripening period is 30-35 days)

Vera. A variety that does not arrow. High-yielding (up to 2.5kg / m2). Root crops do not crack, have the same size and shape.

Red with a white tip. Differs in large roots with carmine-red peel. The flesh is white, but sometimes pale pink.

Slavia. The skin of the radish is pink-red in color, and the tip is white, the flesh tastes a little spicy.

Helios. You can harvest this radish variety 30 days after planting. The root vegetable is yellow, flesh with a delicate taste.

Sachs. The weight of the root vegetable is usually 30 g. The pulp is firm, has a sweet-spicy taste.

3. Late ripening (ripening period is 35-45 days)

Rumpoush. It has a fusiform root crop, rather long. Medium spicy taste.
Red giant. The root crop is large, weighing up to 120 g. Differs in resistance to cruciferous flea beetles and diseases. It keeps well in the sand during winter.

Champion. Ripens in 40 days. It has red roots with a raspberry hue. For outdoor planting, this is the best variety.

The variety of radish varieties is amazing. Different colors can create a vibrant palette for salads. With the arrival of spring, radish usually becomes the main component of salads, because one bunch of this vegetable provides a daily dose of vitamins.

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