Inspection of bees

Inspection of bees

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… Five days have passed since the bees were brought to your apiary. Families should be inspected to see if everything is going well. Inspection of colonies is best done in the afternoon, when the main years of the bees are over.

There are usually warm days in mid-May, but strong southerly winds blow. If your apiary is fenced off with a high solid fence, then this weather will not be a hindrance for you.

Bee inspection should be prepared in advance. You, having visited the beekeeper's apiary, saw his portable box and watched him work as a beekeeper chisel. There is no difficulty in this: both a portable box and all the rest of the beekeeper's inventory can be bought at a beekeeping store, and therefore we will assume that you have everything - from a smoker, a chisel and a portable box to frames with hives, a beekeeping journal, and a pen.

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The simplest and most reliable raw material for a long and trouble-free operation of a smoker, I consider the old crackling bark of birch stumps or firewood. Chopped into small pieces and poured into a smoker on hot charcoal, it burns for 1.5-2 hours without interruption, giving a thick and. pleasant smelling smoke.

Our industry produces face nets with a cord for tightening the cap around the neck. This is inconvenient: you should replace the lace with a wide elastic band.

Since you are not yet used to frequent stings and your body reacts rather painfully to them, you need to purchase thin leather gloves.

Bees cannot pierce them with their sting, and you, without fear of being stung, will work calmly.

Even experienced beekeepers sometimes throw a frame with bees if a bee unexpectedly stings him in the nerve knot. Such places in a person also have hands, they should be protected if possible.

So, you are ready to inspect your bee colonies. If they continue to work quietly and only some of them, circling around you, fly away, smoke should not be allowed into the entrance.

Carefully remove the cover and place it at an angle against the back of the hive. Remove the padding and roof liner. Raise the position so that you can see 2-3 frames, and let a few puffs of smoke on the bees. Close the tray for exactly one minute.

(The evolution of the development of bees took place in forests where frequent fires occurred. The ingress of smoke into the nest developed a conditioned reflex in them - a change of residence. To be ready for a long flight, bees gain a full goiter of honey. In this state, they lose the ability to bend their abdomen to sting. The man took advantage of this, using smoke to pacify them).

Raise the position so that 2-3 frames are opened.
With the long end of the chisel, separate the frames glued together with bee glue and, prying the extreme frame with the short end of the chisel under the left shoulder, take it with the fingers of your left hand. Do the same with the second end and pull out the outer frame. As a rule, the outer frames are stern, that is, they contain only honey and bee bread. Honey is usually sealed with wax caps, while bee bread (canned pollen) is not sealed and takes up only half of the cell.

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Move the adjacent frame to the vacant place with the short end of the chisel, and so, moving them one by one, you can inspect everything.

If they are stern frames, they should not be pulled out as this will cool the nest. Care should be taken when moving the frames, as bees and even the queen can get between the permanent dividers of the frames.

If there are bribes in nature and the air temperature is not less than 18–20 ° C, then there are usually few bees on the feed frames. On the frames with brood bees will sit tightly, heating it. Having determined that the next frame is with brood, take it out and, holding it above the hive, inspect it on both sides.

With good queen quality and sufficient feed and bees, open and closed brood will be solid. A "variegated brood" is when a printed, open brood is visible on one side of the comb, and eggs are visible in individual cells, or even empty cells can be seen. Such seeding is considered to be of poor quality.

There may be several reasons for this.

  1. An old or not quite healthy uterus.
  2. Disease of bees with "calcareous brood" or any foulbrood.
  3. Low-quality honeycomb or disturbed age composition of the family. There may be others, which we will talk about below.

The presence of eggs in the cells indicates the presence of a uterus in the family.

Experienced beekeepers determine the presence of a queen in a family by the temperature of the upper bed in the center of the nest. You can feel the warmth by placing your palm on the back of the pad.

The queen bee can be seen on the saucer where the eggs are upright. Such eggs are laid by the uterus today, and she is somewhere here.

If a family on May 15-16 has 5-7 frames of uneven-aged brood and bees occupy 9-10 streets, such a family needs to be expanded. To do this, a sushi frame sprinkled with sugar syrup is placed next to the extreme frame of the brood. You can also put a frame of foundation, if the control hive gives 100-200 g of weight gain per day and the bees abundantly carry pollen into the hive.

In a strong family, the foundation can be placed directly between the brood frames and also sprayed with sugar syrup.

The bees do not tolerate empty spaces and will quickly rebuild the foundation.

All worker bees have so-called wax mirrors on their bellies. With good reserves of food in the nest and when nectar and bee bread enter the hive, wax plates appear on these mirrors.

In the absence of the ability to build honeycombs, bees lose this expensive product.

Spraying in empty combs (liquid nectar at the bottom of the cell) indicates a natural bribe, and this contributes to the rapid growth of families.

In cases where nectar is not released in nature, bees should be fed with sugar syrup in a ratio of 1 kg of sugar to 1 liter of water.

After completing the examination of the family and writing down everything that is required in the journal, the beekeeper must conclude whether it is necessary to feed the family or not.

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Watch the video: Срочная выставка пчел из зимовника. Осмотр спасенных пчел. Inspection of the rescued bees. (August 2022).