Fertilizing fruit trees

Fertilizing fruit trees

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In our places everyone knows that where there is no black soil, you cannot get a good grain harvest without manure. Why doesn't anyone think that manure is also needed under the apple trees and under the berry bushes? Another garden has been standing for decades, but I have never seen fertilizers. What is there to be surprised that the garden grows clumsy and almost ceases to give birth, and that the apples will become somehow clumsy. No, in order to get a good harvest, you need to fertilize fruit trees in three or four years, otherwise there will be no sense.

Please note: this article is based on the materials of pre-revolutionary advice for farmers. Some of the data and methods could be significantly outdated.

In the field, we put manure on top and plow it: the roots go shallow there, and fertilizer is also placed shallowly. And in the orchard, you can put rotted manure on top and then mix it with the ground with hoes. The manure will cover the earth from drying out, the juices from it will pass to the roots, which are closer to the surface of the earth. But this is not enough: it is necessary to give fertilizer to those roots that have gone deeper. To do this, you could dig up the ground in the trunk circles with a shovel 25 cm deep; many do so.

Such digging, apart from harm, will do nothing. No matter how carefully we dig, we will certainly cut and heal many roots. In large gardens, for this purpose there are special shovels, pitchforks, and in a small farm garden it is better to loosen the soil only from the top by 10 cm. And to fertilize the soil deeper, you can do this. Take a herring barrel and loosen clean feces and ash in it and let it stand until all this is fermented. Then a sharp stake is made and holes are carefully drilled around the trunk of the tree, stepping back from it by 0.7-1 m. The prepared fertilizer is poured into these holes until the earth absorbs, and then they are covered with good loose earth.

When the trees begin to bear fruit, they will draw even more juices from the earth, and soon, soon the earth will be depleted. Here, even with pits, such things cannot be helped: you need to fertilize more. They do this: a circle of the same size as the crown of the tree is drawn near the trunk of the tree. This means that this circle must pass under the extreme branches of the crown.

Along this line, they dig a groove 35 cm deep and the same width around the tree. The roots that will come across are cut with a shovel, or they can be chopped with a sharp ax to make the cuts evenly.

The upper ground of this groove is laid separately from the lower one; if the lower ground is bad, it is better to scatter it around, and bring another to fill the ditch. In this work, one must always remember that the roots, and indeed the branches, must always be handled with care. If you chop off the root somehow, it will hurt for a long time, it can rot; chopped off and trimmed with a knife cleanly, it will heal quickly and give a rich lobe.

When ditches have been dug around the tree, prepare as soon as possible, so that the roots are not very windy, the earth to fill it up. The top layer of the excavated earth and the brought up earth are mixed with rotted manure, ash and bone meal (4 kilograms per tree). When filling this soil into a ditch, it must be slightly compacted so that after it almost does not precipitate. This is done for the following reason: young roots, as soon as the ditch is filled up, will penetrate the ground; if the earth was poured loosely, it would begin to settle strongly and could break off the delicate roots.

It must be remembered that rotted, small manure for fertilizing fruit trees should always be taken; roots can rot from fresh manure. When fertilizing plum and cherry trees, it is good to add old plaster to the ground, and if not, add slaked lime. Of course, for these trees, they dig a ditch closer to the trunk: they have a much smaller crown than an apple tree. If the land under the orchard used to be heavily fertilized, and farmstead lands are more often like that, you will not have to put manure under cherries and plums. They also have roots closer to the surface of the earth than those of an apple tree; so, if you need to fertilize with manure, you can put it on top of the ground and then mix it with hoes or shovels. In too oily soil, cherries and plums begin to ache, the bark cracks and a lot of juice - gum flows out. From this, the trees bear less fruit, and often dry up completely.

Watch the video: 5 fruit trees that will have you eating for the whole year! (August 2022).