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The design of the parks requires a thorough knowledge of the area to be set up both from a landscape and a climatic point of view, as these are generally rather impressive works.
A park stands out from a garden due to its size, clearly larger.
Before implementing a project of this type, it is therefore essential to analyze some aspects, namely:
- extension of the area intended for the creation of the park
- climatic and environmental conditions
- types of irrigation
- types of land
- type and materials of any containers for potted plants
- coexistence between species
- possible limiting factors
- possible proximity to urban areas
The installation of a park implies on the one hand the choice of plants to be housed, and on the other hand the inclusion of outdoor furniture structures, such as: benches, tables and seats, shaded areas formed by gazebos or pergolas covered with climbing species, swings, aquatic areas (not always present).
FURNISHINGS FOR PARKS
These are structures dedicated to the seat and formed by slats, generally made of wood material treated with water repellent enamels, or of painted metal with anti-rust products.
They are rarely made of cement.
They have a very resistant metal skeleton that supports the entire structure and is anchored to the ground by blocking supports.
They are generally placed under the tree tops, to offer a pleasant relaxation opportunity.
OUTDOOR TABLES AND CHAIRS
They are wooden or metal structures, which have undergone a protective and conservative treatment, used to furnish the park, creating areas for refreshment (outdoor lunches or picnics) or reading.
They are often placed under umbrellas (most of the outdoor tables have a central hole specially created to house the umbrella support), or under gazebos, to take advantage of a shaded area.
There are innumerable types and forms of umbrellas: often they are quadrangular structures, sometimes round, with variable dimensions.
They have a supporting structure in metal or wood treated with protective substances and water repellents, which supports a very resistant canvas roof.
The central support (stick) must be inserted in a base, generally of concrete, heavy and stable.
There are also aerial varieties that are suspended from supports with an inverted "L" shape, and that offer the advantage of not having the central stick and, consequently, they can be placed much more easily.
They are formed by a generally metallic support, of quadrangular shape and anchored firmly to the ground, which supports some parts of sturdy canvas and treated for exteriors, partly fixed (the roof) and partly movable (the walls).
They vary in size, depending on their use; they often cover areas with tables or chairs, consider the park's "relaxation points".
They can also be formed from wooden espaliers, covered with climbing plants (such as: wisteria or Canadian vine).
These furnishings are essentially dedicated to relaxation, consisting of a seat suspended from metal structures with a quadrangular base anchored to the ground.
They are covered with cushions of various shapes and sizes and their location is always located in fresh and shady parts of the park, preferably under trees with wide and thick foliage.
Sometimes they are extremely simple structures, consisting of a seat hung with chains on a support fixed firmly in the ground.
These are bodies of water, of various sizes, generally located in low-lying areas of the park, often near trees with wide foliage.
If they are large enough, they can be crossed by ornamental bridges.
They are the seat of a type of vegetation called "lacustrine", which prefers damp soils and cool, shady climates
Park planning: PLANTS FOR PARKS
The plant species that can be housed in a park are:
* SPECIES ARBOREE
These are tall trees, with thick and majestic foliage, often ornamental, with the purpose of creating shady and cool areas in the park.
The most represented types are:
- Beech tree
- white fir
- lime tree
- Maple tree
- red oak
- plane tree
* ARBUSTIVE AND CESPUGULOUS SPECIES
These are medium to small plants, and in any case smaller than those of trees, which find an ideal location in all areas of the park, for ornamental purposes.
The most numerous species are:
* CLIMBING SPECIES
They are plants characterized by a typically ascending development, which climb on walls, espaliers or palisades, often with decorative purposes.
Among the most widespread, there are
- Canadian vine
- passion flower
* FIORITE SPECIES
They are herbaceous, shrubby, arboreal, climbing, fat or evergreen plants, characterized by the presence of flowers, which have an ornamental appearance and which are cultivated to create colored and decorative areas in the parks (they can be planted in the ground or remain possessed).
Among the many, the most widespread species are:
- begonia (succulent plant)
- water lily (aquatic plant)