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Pea is a plant that belongs to the Fabaceae or Leguminosae family. The fruit is a pod that contains many small seeds, round and green. It is a herbaceous species that is widely cultivated in the Mediterranean countries and in Asia. It seems to have originated from India, although this hypothesis is not yet considered completely reliable. Peas are mainly grown in autumn, in the central-southern regions of Italy, where the climate is not particularly cold.
In northern countries, however, cultivation must be practiced at the end of the winter season. To grow and develop, in fact, this plant must be in an environment with temperatures included within 18 °. It is also intolerant to high temperatures and drought.
The heat in fact accelerates its maturation and causes it to harden, with serious damage to the quality of the legume. There are many varieties of peas, of which the most known are those with a smooth and wrinkled seed. The plant can also be classified according to the height it reaches, such as, for example, the dwarf variety that does not exceed seventy centimeters. Peas can be bought fresh, frozen or dried. They have good nutritional properties, being rich in vitamins A, B; B2, iron, protein, magnesium, calcium, potassium and phosphorus. They contain few calories and little fat and are therefore often included in diet programs. Peas also have large amounts of fibers that facilitate digestion and counteract constipation if they are eaten cooked. In fact, they are not easily digestible. Thanks to the presence of iron, this vegetable helps protect the immune system. Consuming peas is also an excellent remedy to fight fatigue.
Another element present in these legumes is lutein, a substance that protects eyesight, reducing the risk of developing, in later life, age-related macular degeneration and cataracts.
Natural remedy for dry skin and scars
The high percentage of vitamins A and C present in peas makes these legumes ideal for treating dry, dull and dry skin. In cosmetics, the preparation of anti-wrinkle and firming face masks based on peas is known. After applying these creams, in fact, the skin recovers softness and brightness. To obtain an even better effect, during the preparation of the mixture, one could add another substance that deeply nourishes the skin, such as shea butter or olive oil. The juice of fresh peas is also highly curative and exerts a good healing action, especially thanks to the presence of vitamin K, which is essential for wound healing but also to strengthen bones. It is therefore particularly suitable for all those people who, often, try to hide small lesions on the skin of the face and, more generally, of the body, such as, for example, the scars left by acne or surgery. The advice is to apply the juice extracted from a generous quantity of these legumes to clean and slightly moist skin.
Pea: Natural source of energy
Peas are excellent either eaten alone or as a side dish for meat or fish dishes.
They also combine well with cheese and eggs. The fresh ones need very little cooking, while the dry ones, before being cooked, must be left to soak for a few hours. In addition to the vitamins already listed, these legumes represent one of the main natural food sources of vitamin B1, essential for improving cardiovascular activity and ensuring a good functioning of the nervous system. Vitamin B1 deficiency can cause physical and mental fatigue, irritability and poor concentration. If you eat peas, you take a good amount of it naturally. Excellent remedy for stressed students. Being a legume rich in fiber, in addition to fighting constipation, the pea also has a positive effect on cholesterol. They also contain a low percentage of phytoestrogens and for this reason they are particularly suitable for menopausal women. Compared to other legumes, these are less rich in starch and therefore can also be eaten by those suffering from colitis and by those who cannot eat beans and chickpeas. In essence, they are more digestible. Excellent natural remedy even for gout, an inflammation of the joints that causes severe pain, redness and swelling. Raw fresh pea juice counteracts excess uricemia in the blood. In conclusion, to fill deficiencies of vitamins A and B, a generous portion of cooked peas should be eaten every day for at least two consecutive weeks. Replacing supplements with natural foods for many people today is almost unthinkable. Often, in fact, in the pharmacy you buy multivitamin products, even very expensive, to combat stress or various nutritional deficiencies. Meanwhile, everyone knows that the same benefits can be obtained with a specific diet, but supplements are used, however, because it seems the easiest solution. Swallowing a tablet is certainly more comfortable, but cooking vegetables or vegetables is not that difficult. In fact, it would be enough to inform ourselves a little more about the properties of the foods we eat. Effectiveness, in fact, is guaranteed especially when we know exactly the composition and nutritional values of foods. Thus, specific deficiencies could be filled with certainty, in a completely natural way and with little money.