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The Bonsai Acero is a shrub belonging to the family of the Aceraceae, there are different species and they differ in the size and color of the leaves. The leaves are deciduous, opposite, palmate-lobed with 5-7 or 9 lobes, deeply incised with elongated apex and a long petiole, heart-shaped base and tight margin. In autumn the leaves of a light green color take on a bright red-orange color, and the nuances of the leaves vary according to the seasons. It blooms in the month of May-June with very small flowers with a purple color and a creamy white corolla, gathered in bunches. The ornamental fruits have a butterfly shape of about two centimeters with flattened and colored wings, which divide during the maturation phase, creating two single winged fruits. Gray or gray-green bark may be smooth or scaly. Its umbrella-shaped branches make it elegant even when it is bare. The Bonsai Acero reproduces by cuttings and layering. The most appreciated species for the realization of Bonsai is that of Japanese origin for its particularly slow growth and easy to shape. It is a resistant and long-lived plant, it settles very well in any climatic condition, to finish it is advised to expose it in a sunny area, well lit and far from heat sources.
Watering operations depend on the geographical area where it is located, the season, the size of the pot and the drainage of the soil. During the winter season, water the Maple Bonsai 1-2 times a month, in the intermediate season 1-2 times a week and to finish in the summer season every day, preferably in the early morning or late in the evening. The plant should be wet only if it does not present traces of the previous watering, and in moderation, waiting for it to absorb all the water before performing a second one. In winter, do not wet it, if weather conditions are foreseen with frosts, to avoid damaging the root system.
The fertilizer for Acero Bonsai is used to periodically integrate all the essential nutrients, as the small pot does not allow a large amount of substrate. Usually it must be done in the period of vegetation that goes from March to September, avoiding the months of July and August that are too hot and those of flowering. It is preferable to use a liquid fertilizer, even if the powdered one is absorbed more slowly, to be included in the watering, once a month.
PRUNING, TIE RODS AND WIRES
The training pruning in the Maple Bonsai must be performed towards the end of the vegetative period, between the end of winter and the beginning of spring. This technique is performed to give a particular shape, without distorting its natural bearing. The tools used for pruning the leaves are very sharp Bonsai scissors to avoid tearing, creating damage to the plant and shears of various sizes for the branches. After their pruning it is advisable to medicate them with mastic or healing paste, also useful for keeping away animal and vegetable parasites. On the other hand, maintenance pruning can be carried out at any time to eliminate dry, sick, broken or unsightly branches.
To correct the orientation of some branches you can intervene with copper wires, covered with rubber to avoid damaging the plant to be applied to the branches. This technique is usually performed in the vegetative period, on young, more elastic and flexible ones. It is preferable to wet the plant a few hours before to make the branches more manageable. The tie rods instead that serve to give a direction perpendicular to the plant, can be anchored to the vase.
In the Bonsai Acero the repotting must be performed at the end of the vegetative rest period. the young plant is appropriate to repot it every year or every other year, to give way to grow, instead the adult one every 4-5 years. In this phase it is advisable to replace the vase if necessary based on the size of the plant, replace the soil with a mixture of 50% universal soil, 25% clay and the remaining 25% of sand, favoring good drainage and finally cut with a scissors well sharpened the diseased roots or too woody to give space to those capillaries, important to contribute to its nourishment. Before inserting the soil, it is advisable to place a grid or crushed stone inside the vessel, on the drainage holes, to prevent the water from transporting part of the soil, which is also useful for keeping pests away, during the watering phase. animals.
Bonsai maple: PARASITES
The Bonsai Acero can be attacked by animal parasites such as aphids, cochineals, red spider mites, to clean the plant it is possible to use pine oil to be passed manually on all the foliage, then brush the branches with a toothbrush to remove all the whitish incrustations. There are also chemical or biological insecticides on the market that can be used periodically not during the fruiting period. In autumn it is subject to diseases such as mal white or manna, a whitish powder that damages all the foliage if left untreated, it is advisable to thin out the plant to let air in even the inner parts and place it in a non-humid area.