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A balcony generally has rather small dimensions (compared to a garden or a terrace), a conditioning factor for the choice of plants, which will always be potted and never buried.
The varieties of flowering vegetables to be placed are:
- herbaceous flowering plants
- flowering climbing plants
- flowering evergreen plants
- flowery succulents
There are also some preliminary aspects that must be analyzed to ensure optimal performance, namely:
- extension of the balcony
- weather conditions
- types and constituent materials of the containers
- type of irrigation
- coexistence between plants
- any limiting and unfavorable factors (such as air pollution)
HERBACEOUS FLOWERING PLANTS
It is a herbaceous flowering plant, consisting of a slender stem, up to 1 m tall, dark green, with lance-shaped leaves and with alternate insertion.
The flower has a corolla with very distinct petals, of a fleshy consistency, with a rounded or pointed shape depending on the variety.
It has various colors: white, yellow, pink, red and purple.
It gives off a very pleasant scent.
It requires a well-drained and fertile soil, preferably with a basic and never clayey component. It must be exposed in sunny and warm areas, because it fears the cold.
It is a flowery and ornamental herbaceous plant, which has an erect, delicate and supple stem, up to fifty centimeters high, of an intense green color.
The leaves are lanceolate, with alternate arrangement.
The flowers have a tubular appearance, enclosed by bracts, with a corolla of white and elongated petals, united in flower-shaped inflorescences, very decorative but not perfumed.
The fruit is an elongated oval achene of black color with white streaks.
It requires a soil with an acid or neutral pH, dry, sandy, well drained, enriched with humus and peat.
It must be housed in sunny areas with a temperate climate since it fears the cold: its ideal temperature is between ten and twenty degrees.
It lives well even in pots, and requires fertilization with liquid fertilizers, rich in iron and magnesium.
It is a herbaceous plant with a bushy, erect and branched stem, up to a meter high, which supports dark green oval leaves.
The flowers are grouped in simple and double white, yellow, orange, pink, red inflorescences, with a striking and extremely ornamental appearance.
It lives well on any type of terrain, prefers sunny areas and warm temperatures, which should never fall below ten degrees.
It must be watered regularly and fertilized at least once a month, using a liquid fertilizer, rich in nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
It is used to set up colored flowerbeds or borders, but also decorative containers, as it lives well packaged.
FLOWERY CLIMBING PLANTS
It is a shrubby and climbing plant, which has pinnate leaves formed by small light green leaves with the opposite insertion.
The flowers, purplish pink, are clustered in pendulous inflorescences, extremely perfumed.
The flowering lasts throughout the spring until the beginning of summer and is very luxuriant.
The plant is used to create ornamental areas at the level of espaliers, pergolas, or to cover gazebos.
It requires a soft, well-drained soil, fertile due to the addition of organic substance and a clayey component.
It must be housed in sunny areas of the garden because it fears the cold.
It is a climbing plant, evergreen, with very thin stems and woody seeds, suitable for covering walls.
The leaves, petiolate or sessile, have an intense green color and are covered by a thick whitish hair.
The flowers, very showy and decorative, have a corolla with 7 long petals well separated from each other, pink, purple or lilac.
It requires a soft, fresh and well-drained soil.
It must be exposed in sunny areas of the balcony, even under direct sunlight, as flowering does not occur if the light is not sufficient.
It prefers mild temperatures and fears the cold.