How to create a garden

How to create a garden

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How to create a garden

Before creating a garden it is always useful to analyze some assumptions that could affect its development, that is:
- extension of the garden
- weather conditions
- garden display
- type of sunshine
- coexistence between plant species
- types of land
- possible limiting factors
You can be inspired by different garden models:
* Classic garden
It is set on an extreme aesthetic rigor, with expanses of green lawns, with flower beds and hedges cut according to geometric patterns.
It is a very nice garden, sometimes with an artifact aspect
* Rustic garden
It is opposed to the previous one because the latter is based on spontaneity, on the natural disposition of plants (often native), which are in balance between themselves and with the surrounding landscape.
It is an example of a country garden.
* Rock garden
It is a garden characterized by the presence of: rocks, stones and vegetables, often housed on terraces.
The plants must be well adaptable to particular climatic conditions (often living in shady areas), and logistic (they have little space available to grow).
* Mediterranean garden
It is a garden formed by shrubby, bushy and evergreen plants, able to live in warm climates (typical of the Mediterranean basin), with leaves that are small in size (to reduce transpiration) and almost always sclerophilous.
* Zen garden
It is the Japanese garden, where three elements alternate: water, rocks and plants; whose arrangement proposes to represent the allegorical journey of man towards eternity.
Its cured appearance stimulates a flow of energy between man and nature
The plants to be housed can be of various types, namely:
- arboreal plants
- shrubby plants
- evergreen plants
- climbing plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- Mediterranean plants
- fat plants
- aquatic plants (if there is a body of water)
Finally, it is necessary to organize well diversified areas in the garden, with the aim of recreating shady, decorative corners, patches of color or areas covered with climbing plants.


It is a very long-lived deciduous tree, deciduous, which includes an imposing and columnar stem, up to 30 m high, covered with a smooth and glossy bark, of a greyish-brown color.
The leaves have a lanceolate shape with a serrated edge and a sharp apex, with an alternate arrangement, and form a thick and rounded crown.
The male flowers are white and gathered in glomerulus-shaped inflorescences; the female flowers only isolated and wrapped in numerous bracts.
The fruit, brown and glossy, has a rounded shape with a pointed apex and a convex base: it is the chestnut, edible and tasty for humans.
It appears enclosed in a green and thorny shell called a hedgehog, which opens when fully ripe.
It requires a fresh and deep soil with an acid and non-calcareous component.
It is a species well adaptable to different climatic conditions.


It is a herbaceous flowering plant, consisting of a slender stem, up to 1 m tall, dark green, with lance-shaped leaves and with alternate insertion.
The flower has a corolla with very distinct petals, of a fleshy consistency, with a rounded or pointed shape depending on the variety.
It has various colors: white, yellow, pink, red and purple. It gives off a very pleasant scent.
It requires a well-drained and fertile soil, preferably with a basic and never clayey component. It must be exposed in sunny and warm areas, because it fears the cold.
It is a herbaceous plant with a rigid stem covered with thorns, has lobed oval-shaped leaves and inserted into three or five numbers on a thorny central branch.
The flowers are characterized by corollas with brightly colored petals (white, pink, red), with a fleshy consistency, very fragrant.
Flowering continues throughout spring until early summer, reaching its peak in May.
It requires fertile and well-drained soils, enriched with peat and humus.
It is a very suitable plant to create flower beds, borders, or to fill decorative vases.

How to create a garden: SEMPERREVERDE

It is an evergreen shrub, up to 5-8 m tall, used to form hedges; it has a semi-woody stem, with elongated, glossy leaves, with continuous margins, scented due to the presence of resin-secreting glands.
The male flowers are yellow, the female ones are white, small.
The fruits are black drupes.
It requires a compact, well-drained, fertile soil, enriched with organic substance.
It must be exposed in well-sunny environments, and at temperatures never below zero.
It is a bushy, aromatic and evergreen plant, belonging to the Mediterranean scrub, which forms thick and ornamental tufts with rapid growth.
The stem is herbaceous, up to a meter high, and holds narrow and elongated silvery green leaves.
The flowers are gathered in spike inflorescences, purple in color, very fragrant.
It requires a well-drained soil, preferably a limestone component.
Being a rustic variety, it is well adaptable and durable.