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Plants for the garden: how to choose them
There are several so-called low-maintenance species, in the sense that they are able to adapt with some ease to any kind of substrate, showing needs that are limited both from the point of view of irrigation and from the point of view of fertilization.
This is the case, for example, of quisqualis, a plant originating from tropical Asia, which represents a valid substitute for the now inflated bougainvillea. It is mainly cultivated in pots, in order to protect it from the winter cold, and demands a sunny and bright position. It flowers quite clearly from May, due to a flowering that, in the case of mild climate, continues for several months. This species needs a fertile and fresh soil, and regular waterings: for this reason, it is sufficient to set up an automatic irrigation system, without having to continuously change the frequency or quantity of water. The only necessary maintenance intervention should be performed at the end of the winter, cleaning the hair by removing any damaged or dried parts.
Species with few needs
Another typical garden plant is the hydrangea, which instead loves the shady and cool areas, where many plants would not be able to survive, but that grows without difficulty even in the pots, provided they are large in size. The hydrangea, which blooms in summer between June and August, does not like too hot temperatures, while it resists quietly in the cold. It shows only two needs: a not too dry ground and a mulch to be completed at the end of spring, in view of the summer drought. An important advantage, on the other hand, is that it does not require constant pruning: only at the beginning of spring must we remove diseased and weak branches. Solanum, a native of Australia and South America, is a generous species, and in particular the solanum rantonetii, frequently seen in gardens and terraces due to its summer (or autumnal, temperate climates) decidedly spectacular from the aesthetic point of view, with shades ranging from purple to blue. The plant in question suffers only the sultry and humid environments, not very aerated, while it does not show particular problems as regards the attacks of parasites. Although it is able to survive the summer heat, it favors a half-shade location. Water should be administered only when the soil is dry, while pruning should be done in spring, so that the vegetation is renewed and new jets can be formed. In the garden, the elderberry will also make an excellent appearance, characterized by the ability to adapt even to the most inaccessible places with the highest fertility. In short, for a low-maintenance garden, sambucus nigra is the ideal solution, also because it has practically no pretensions: what it asks for is only an abundant pruning in early spring, in the case in which it is desired to retain it within contained dimensions. It can be indifferently in half-shade or in the sun, it does not like the coastal areas while it is at ease on the plain, even with the heat. In summer there is no need for pruning.
The climbing plants
But what are the aspects to be evaluated in this case? From an aesthetic point of view, leaves, flowers and colors offer a virtually infinite range of solutions. They range from mono-chromatic varieties such as hops, with leaves with five-lobed serrated edges, to jasminum officinale, with fragrant and white flowers and yellow leaves. The flowers, evidently, are an important attraction: just think of the clematis montana, or wisteria, with the characteristic cluster shape, while the clematis macropetala offers blue and blue campanula-shaped flowers. A lot, in short, depends on personal aesthetic tastes. There are, for example, creepers with variegated leaves, able to liven up and renew walls or little visible supports: this is the case of the yellow illuminated leaves of the lonicera japonica, ie the honeysuckle of Japan, or of the majesty granted by the 'hedera colchica. There are, however, species that produce fantastic berries, such as cotoneaster horizontalis and pycarantha, often used to cover the facades of buildings thanks to the lucidity of their green leaves and the fact that the berries appear throughout the winter.
Plants for garden: For all budgets and needs
Finally, it is worth mentioning the nasturtium, which needs little shade and water. in fact, it must be irrigated in abundance, while organic manure, for fertilization, is only necessary if the flowers and leaves are to be used in the culinary field. Of course, among garden plants, you should not forget to consider wall shrubs and climbing species. In this case it is necessary to evaluate whether a framework is available to favor the development of the plant, or alternatively choose autonomous climbing plants.
As you can see, in short, the panorama offers plants for the garden for all budgets and for all needs: as they say, there is only the embarrassment of the choice.