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Potted plant

Potted plant

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Potted plant

All plants that we grow in the ground or in the garden can also be grown in pots. It is natural that a plant grown in pots will need different care than one planted in a garden. First, a potted plant will need more water than an earth plant. However, anyone who wants to devote himself to the cultivation of plants at home or on the balcony, must obtain a minimum of equipment needed to do the best work, with the maximum benefit for the plants. It is good to choose carefully also the containers and jars, very important not only from the aesthetic point of view, but also from the technical point of view because it conditions the nutrition of the plant. There are vases of all shapes and sizes. There are earthenware pots, light and porous, which allow easy exchanges of air and humidity essential for house plants. The vase generally has the typical shape of a truncated cone and this helps repotting without breaking the earthen bread. The concrete vase is little used, which tends to prevent the exchange of humidity and air, because it is not very porous. Lately there are plastic pots on the market. These have the characteristic of being very light and practical. While the cellulose jars disintegrate in contact with humidity and are used for direct transplantation. Very particular are the vessels for hydroponic cultivation, which help to cultivate plants without soil, using only nutritious salts dissolved in water. Generally the most widespread are colored glass, of different capacities.


So loved by some, despised by others, succulents would deserve more interest because they can enrich an environment, bring an exotic and particular note to the house. Their cultivation is very easy. They need only small pots because their root development is quite modest, they must also be well drained to avoid water stagnation, deleterious because they favor the rotting. Among the succulent pot plants we remember the genus Sedum and Crassula. The Sedum are annual, herbaceous flat with erect ramose stems. Their cultivation is easy because they are plants of few needs. They need little water and have white flowers. While of ancient cultivation are the Crassulas, excellent houseplants. They just want a well-drained soil and lots of light.


For nature lovers, all plants are beautiful and worthy of attention. A very particular kind of plant that deserves admiration is the exotic one. Saintapaulia is one of these. It is a small, herbaceous, green potted plant with large leaves. It is a plant that has beautiful flowers. Begonia is also a plant originating from tropical American and Asian areas. It is very easy to grow, and the begonias reproduce by seed. The leaves are bristly and have different shapes. There are different types of begonias, such as the bulbous begonia, which grows and develops very well both in the mountains and on the balconies, the begonia rex, from the india or the begonia semperflorens, known to embellish the flower beds.


Even when winter comes, it is possible to have an early spring at home thanks to the flowering of some plants. The plants that can flower in the house during the winter are the primroses, in particular the primula obconica, the melacoides and the sinesi, all originating in China. The first has ovate-oblong leaves and flowers of different colors, from pink to white to red. It is important to sow it between June and July, using fresh seed to spread on the light soil. The primula melacoides is characterized by beauty and elegance. Its flowers are small and fragrant, with variegated colors such as red, pink and white. The last, better known as starry primula, has very large flowers with a diameter of 4, 5 cm. Both this and the melacoides should be sown between May and June. Cultivation is not so easy, but if you have a suitable environment and a little patience, you can try to cultivate it. Cyclamens are also very popular flowers for the scent and elegant to have at home. Cyclamens need lots of light and a temperature ranging from 18 - 24 degrees.


Of the utmost importance is the potting operation, fundamental for the success of the cultivation. If you use earthenware jars, it will be good to clean them with boiling water, but if the jars are new, it is advisable to wet them before using them. A good drainage at the bottom of the pot is essential, obtained with an overturned sherd on the bottom hole and then a layer of shards for a tenth of the height of the pot itself. Once this draining layer is obtained, the soil should be placed halfway up. After the soil has been well compressed, the seedling is laid out with earthen bread, so that the area between the stem and the root is at 2 cm between it and the edge of the pot. This space will allow water to be received from the watering, distributing it gently. It is useful to obtain saucers or pot covers to avoid wetting the floor.