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Apple tree flowers
The apple tree (melus comunis) belongs to the Pomaceae family. Its fruit is called pomo but it is a false fruit; in fact the pulp derives from the enlargement of the receptacle and not from the ovary as it happens for the other fruits. The real fruit corresponds only to the core containing the seeds. The apple tree bears fruit mainly on the toasts and mixed branches. The brindilli have the mixed apical bud and wood buds along the branch, normally they are very thin and about fifteen or twenty five centimeters long. The mixed branches have both wood and flower buds, while on the tip they have only one wood. The length and vigor depend on the variety of the plant raised. The annual vegetative cycle of the apple tree is made up of the following periods (phases) of development, during which the plant carries out specific and particular activities. The vegetative growth takes place in particular climatic conditions when the air temperature reaches values above seven degrees; the sprouting phase when the wood buds that formed the previous year open up and emit buds; finally the flowering phase occurs twenty days after the vegetative restart when the flower buds open. In general this occurs in late March and early April but after peach and pear. THE apple tree flowers they present themselves in groups of four or five. The central flower first blooms unlike the pear which instead blooms last. The vegetative development phase is an event of fundamental importance for the plant because it is in this phase that the buds are formed, both with wood and with a flower able to develop the following year. The last two phases are those of maturation that takes place at the end of summer and finally the final phase called winter rest when the plant ceases all activity and begins its dormant phase to resume the cycle the following year.
APPLE FLOWERS: DESCRIPTION
THE apple blossoms as we have seen, they develop in groups and are formed by a corolla which, depending on the species, can reach a length of more than five centimeters. Most of the flowers are white-pink and have both stamens and pistils. Flowering generally takes place in spring after insect pollination. Among the species of flowers produced by the apple tree we find: the Malus Prunifolia with yellow-white flowers, used a lot for ornaments; the Malus Florentina consisting of white flowers with yellow pistils that reach a height varying between six and seven meters; finally the Malus Fluribonda with pink flowers produced by the plant of Japanese origin called "Japanese apple tree". Most of the leaves that accompany i apple blossoms they are oval, medium green, slightly serrated at the edges and rough.
APPLE FLOWERS: FERTILIZATION
Apple blossoms do not need special care to be cultivated but nevertheless require some essential precautions. The key thing is the brightness for which sunny exposure is ideal for best results. The climate suitable for the apple tree is the temperate-cold climate of the Italian regions located mainly in the north-east or in the mountains and on the hills. The soil on which it is to be planted must be well drained and composed of a medium mixture, that is to say well distributed as a quantity of light and heavy soil; furthermore it must not be calcareous because it is not suitable for this type of plant. For fertilization there are specific nitrogen-based fertilizers that are to be administered at the end of summer. The waterings must be regular but in the presence of prolonged drought, the administration is more abundant and frequent. To protect against parasitic attacks such as aphids (which destroy, flowers, leaves and fruits), various chemical substances are available to be used diluted in water, with periodic frequency.
Apple tree flowers: THE APPLE: PRUNING
The apple tree like all plants needs to be pruned both to promote development and to obtain abundant flowering and fruiting phases. Pruning can be of two types: dry and green. It should also be remembered that the apple tree responds very well to dry (winter) and less to green (summer) pruning. In family orchards, to give the plant a form that makes garden operations practical, such as harvesting fruit, fertilizing, cutting grass, picking flowers and leaves, etc., it is enough to set up the first stage of ninety or one hundred centimeters, that is thirty or forty centimeters higher than the recommended measures. In the new apple plants, especially in the industrialized ones, there is a tendency to use low-volume forms to achieve effective and economic goals, that is to reduce the number of pruning interventions, increase the number of cultivated plants and lower the costs of production and collection with highly machinery cutting edge. That of the stage is therefore the most rudimentary and ancient form to prune the apple tree compared to the technology that has devised other more or less complex but, which aim to safeguard the primary objective, namely that of the production and health of the tree.