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The broad bean belongs to the order of Leguminosae and is widespread throughout the Mediterranean and its botanical name is Vicia Faba. Already well known in the Middle Ages, it was the main food of many populations and the legumes contained in the pod, were the food of men and animals. There are different varieties of fava beans. Some are large and flattened and are mostly used for human nutrition. The broad bean with very small seeds is intended for animal feed. There is also a broad bean that has small, roundish seeds that is very tender and is intended for both human and animal consumption, especially horses. The broad bean is fresh but also frozen to obtain culinary preparations such as soups or stews. The broad bean has a stem of about 40 centimeters and produces small white flowers sometimes streaked with black and long leaves. The fruit of the broad bean is the pod which is light green in color but sometimes reaches the gray-green tone. The pod is about 20 centimeters long and contains the seeds also called "grain". The sowing of the beans takes place in autumn and this plant prefers a clayey soil and resists even in cold winters but does not like night frost. After 15 degrees below zero, the bean plant does not resist and dies. Plants need a soil that is always moist but never stagnant. The collection is made according to the use that is made of it and can be done either manually or mechanically. In the second way, the gathered beans are used to freeze the seeds. In Italy there is a high use of beans due to the large amount of proteins that contain the seeds.
How to use the beans and where to find them
We have said that in Italy broad beans are widely used because they contain a considerable quantity of proteins and therefore bring benefits to the body. However, those affected by favism, which is a disease of genetic origin caused by a malformation of red blood cells, must absolutely not feed on broad beans. In the kitchen it is widely used especially for preparing soups and soups with other vegetables. The beans can be dried and even frozen as long as they are fresh and to ensure their freshness, just look at the pod, which must be green and without any kind of dark spot on the surface. Usually the beans are found in the fruit markets on the stalls of small farmers, in the same period as the peas because their collection and growth is the same and takes place in the same period.
Beneficial effects of the broad bean
Keep in mind that fresh broad beans bring about 40 calories per 100 grams unlike the dry ones that bring the body as many as 340 calories for every hundred grams of product. The beans are very useful to the body because they are rich in proteins, fibers, potassium, iron, vitamin A, vitamins B and C. An amino acid is contained in the bean, which is called L-Dopa and increases the amount of dopamine in the brain . The diseases that the beans cure only through food are those present in those subjects with a physical and mind weakened by over-exhaustion. The beans also play an important diuretic action and cure many diseases of the urinary tract and are used to try to expel kidney stones. In ancient times the broad bean was called the meat of the poor but today it is not so, the legume according to scientific studies, is really very important for our body and it has been ascertained that by consuming these legumes, cholesterol is considerably lowered.
How to use broad bean powder
The broad bean powder is obtained by drying the seeds contained in the pods in the oven and then pulverizing. 2 grams of this powder are added to a glass of dry white wine and left to macerate overnight. In the morning, after filtering the mixture, take a spoonful of this syrup for about ten days. The syrup is very useful for gravel and to try to expel kidney stones. This remedy is also purifying and detoxifying because it helps the body to get rid of toxins and to help liver functions in a completely natural way. In fact, in our body there are endogenous toxins produced by metabolic processes due to the food we eat or the medicines we take. Usually the body releases these toxins on its own but if you can lend a hand in a natural way, it is even better because sometimes there are slight complications such as renella or kidney stones, which prevent these harmful substances from coming out spontaneously. In herbal medicine, there is bean curd, already ready for use. To prepare a decoction of purifying beans, just boil 100 grams of green beans in 100 grams of water and after infusing the decoction for 5 minutes, let it cool and drink in the morning on an empty stomach.