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The cherry bonsai
Like most fruit bonsai, the cherry bonsai prefers bright and sunny areas regardless of the current season: in any case, it is clear that during the winter it must be kept away from frost. Plant characterized by white and pink flowers, the cherry bonsai is conquering more and more the heart of the lovers in virtue of the rather reduced dimensions of the fruit, above all for what concerns the species coming from Japan. In fact, if it is true that fruit bonsai have fruits and flowers with typical dimensions of the species in nature, species such as lemon bonsai, apple tree bonsai, the bonsai, however etc. are nothing more than miniaturized plants weighed down by excessively large fruits due to their size and their structure. In short, they are certainly not plants favorable to bonsai art. The same cannot be said for the cherry bonsai, which produces fruit more or less in line with the overall size of the plant. How should this species be treated? What are the tricks to follow in terms of watering and fertilizing? With regard to water, watering must be carried out when the soil is not wet or damp: when, in short, no signs of previous irrigation can be seen on the soil. It must be borne in mind, in any case, that the cherry bonsai it is satisfied with very little water: the exact quantity, naturally, depends on the climatic zone, on the season, on the type of soil, on the drainage and on the size of the pot. This means that common sense and experience represent two fundamental weapons from this point of view.
No too much water
In case of doubt, moreover, it is enough to know that the cherry bonsai it suffers from excess water much more than its lack. During the year, in general, watering must be performed almost every day in August, and once or twice a month in December. In essence, a lot of changes depend on the temperatures, remembering however that during the winter season it is absolutely forbidden to water if frost is expected. In summer, on the other hand, it is better to wet the plant in the evening hours, so that the soil can retain moisture for a longer period of time.
Fertilization and fertilization
Concerning the aspect of fertilization, the limited amount of soil that the cherry bonsai pot is able to contain makes it necessary to intervene with fertilization periodically: an operation aimed at integrating the nutrients that each plant expects to survive. From March to September it is necessary to dilute in the water that will be used for watering the liquid fertilizer based on potassium and phosphorus, in the doses indicated in the instructions and paying attention and not exceeding them. This procedure must be suspended, however, in the last two weeks of July, in August and during flowering. Fertilization must be carried out when the soil is moist, so as to avoid potential damage to the roots. To ensure optimal fruiting, on the other hand, fertilization must be intensified when the flowering period ends.
Cherry bonsai: Pruning operations: when to do them
Like almost all plants, even the cherry bonsai needs periodic pruning interventions, so that it can grow without problems and assuming the desired structure. The pruning, in particular, serves to make the plant endow itself with a well-defined crown and skeleton, based on the behavior of the cherry tree. On a practical level, to proceed with the cut it is necessary to use special bonsai cutters, taking care to sharpen the blades well and disinfect them, to avoid possible infections or attacks by parasites. The cuts made must be clean: after that, it is necessary to apply healing mastic on them. But what are the branches that must be eliminated or severed? The cherry bonsai has wood branches and fruit branches. The training pruning is generally carried out between the end of November and the beginning of December, when the cherry has lost all its leaves, or alternatively in the first days of spring, between the end of February and the first weeks of March: at the moment, that is, when the bonsai is preparing for the new season. During the year, however, nothing prevents us from making rather delicate maintenance interventions, aimed at consolidating the results achieved, and at eliminating any impurities such as small broken branches or parts of the plant affected by parasitic pathologies. Finally, the repotting: even the cherry bonsai needs periodic replacements of the soil and the pot, to be carried out possibly between the end of November and the beginning of December, at the beginning of the vegetative rest: that is to say in the moment in whose plant is devoid of leaves. The help of special scissors will allow thinning out the root mass, eliminating the roots of greater dimensions so as to create a condition of greater comfort for the capillary roots. The new vase will have to be slightly larger than the old container, while the new topsoil will have to consist of peat, sand and universal soil.