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Creating a garden
To create a garden it is necessary to take into consideration both landscape reasons and problems linked to the coexistence of plant species, to obtain a pleasant and balanced result.
There are different types of garden, that is
- * Classic garden
It is inspired by very strict aesthetic standards; it has lawns with regularly cut green grass, geometric hedges, plants arranged in ornamental pots and often a pool of water.
It can be artificial.
* Rustic garden
It contrasts with the previous one in that it has an extremely natural and non-artificial appearance, with rustic and well-suited plants, often native, which reproduce rural landscapes in balance with the surrounding nature.
* Rock garden
Presents the coexistence of: vegetables, stones and rocks.
The rocks, which are the fundamental element of this type of garden, are generally positioned one on top of the other in descending order, forming terraces where the plants are housed (of climbing, rustic or belonging to the Alpine flora).
* Mediterranean garden
It mainly includes shrub and evergreen varieties, which constitute a sclerophilous bush, conditioned by the climatic conditions of the Mediterranean areas.
These are vegetables that are adaptable to hot temperatures and to considerable thermal excursions, provided with leaves of reduced dimensions and often leathery in consistency.
* Zen garden
It is inspired by the Japanese tradition and consists of three elements: rocks, plants and water, whose layout is intended to represent allegorically the journey of man towards eternity.
It is designed to encourage meditation and spiritual contemplation.
Before preparing to set up any type of garden, it is advisable to consider some details that could affect its development, and precisely
- extension of the cultivable area
- type of sunshine
- weather conditions
- possible presence of bodies of water
- coexistence between plants
- possible limiting factors
The plant species that can be housed are
- arboreal plants
- shrubby plants
- climbing plants
- evergreen plants
- herbaceous plants
- flowering plants
- fat plants
- aquatic plants
It is a majestic, ornamental tree, up to 20 40 meters high, which has an erect and slender trunk, covered with a smooth bark with obvious silver spots.
The leaves have an oval shape, with ribs and a toothed margin, dark green, petiolate and with alternate insertion.
They form a thick and conical-looking hair.
The male flowers are pendent glomeruli, the female ones are surrounded by bracts and appear in groups of 2, with an erect appearance.
The fruit is a small triangular nut enclosed in a hedgehog and edible for humans.
The plant is recommended to create shady and decorative areas in the garden, also due to its adaptability and longevity.
° RED OAK
It is an imposing deciduous and deciduous tree, up to 30 meters high, with an erect trunk covered with a gray and furrowed bark.
The leaves are elliptical and lobed, with little pronounced lobes, with rounded margins, dark green, smooth and opaque, which constitute a thick and roundish crown.
The male flowers are pendulous and of a greenish yellow color, the feminine ones are insignificant and inconspicuous.
The fruits are acorns enclosed in a dome, not edible for humans.
It is a tree that is widespread due to its beauty and great adaptability to all types of climatic and soil conditions.
Being of considerable size, it is necessary to avoid placing it alongside other plants, to allow it to develop at its best.
It is an evergreen and flowering shrubby plant, with a woody stem about 10-15 meters high, which supports a small crown.
The leaves are bipinnate and formed by many small dark green leaves.
The flowers are gathered in flower head inflorescences, with a soft and feathery appearance, similar to small cotton balls; they are very fragrant and golden yellow.
The flowering takes place early, but has a short duration: from January to March.
It requires a deep, well-drained soil with an acid component.
It must be housed in bright areas of the garden and at temperatures that should never fall below 15 degrees.
It is a very decorative plant, used to create scented color spots in the garden.
To create a garden: PIANTE FIORITE
It is a perennial herbaceous flowering plant, recommended for forming flowerbeds or decorative borders in gardens, especially for its adaptability.
It has an herbaceous stem of height between 30 and 70 cm. , with an upright and branched habit, of an intense green color.
The leaves are oval, with a continuous margin and with opposite insertion.
The flowers, simple or double, come together in inflorescences to head, from the bright colors (white, yellow, orange, red and violet).
The plant adapts well to any type of soil and climatic conditions, even if it prefers mild temperatures and good exposure to sunlight.
° BOCCA DI LEONE
It is a herbaceous, flowery, perennial plant, between 50 and 80 cm tall.
The leaves are elongated, with a continuous margin, of a bright green color.
Its peculiar characteristic is represented by the flowers, of tubular aspect, with 2 apical labellum resembling to the lion's mouth, of white, pink or purple red color, with speckles and very perfumed.
It is a very suitable vegetable to create flowerbeds or borders, or to set up ornamental pots in the garden.
It fits easily on any type of terrain and prefers bright locations.