Gardening

Turf

Turf


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How to cure the turf


The care of the turf requires the respect of some simple rules, fundamental to be able to count on a carpet that is always healthy and pleasant to see. In any case, it is good to remember to act with the utmost caution before carrying out any kind of intervention, since some operations, such as irrigation or cutting, can cause problems if performed incorrectly: the lawn could start turn brown or yellow, a sign of a fungal infection that could have dramatic consequences.

The lawn is a victim of infections



To understand if the turf is a victim of one of these infections, it is necessary to know that the fungal patches have an irregular or roundish outline and a diameter between ten and seventy centimeters in diameter, while from the chromatic point of view they are distinguished by colors variable, from rust to yellowish to ash, depending on the type of pathogen. It is not necessary to be alarmed, however, in the sense that any lawn is constantly rich in fungal spores: some of them, however, are not harmful. The spores of the parasitic fungi, usually carried by the wind, which are activated by the dew or by the irrigation water must be of concern, and in a short time attack the plants from which they are surrounded.

Because you have to worry about the health of the grass



In short, treating the grass is fundamental for a very simple reason: a mantle in excellent health is not an ideal environment for spore germination; on the other hand, a poorly treated mantle is a perfect environment for the spread of an infection. At the moment when the infection appears, on the other hand, it is advisable to ask what were the wrong actions performed, so as not to repeat them in the future. It must be said that the most frequent errors usually concern irrigation and lawn mowing: not everyone knows, in fact, that every species of grass needs a specific height for cutting, depending on the ability to put into practice the normal vital functions.

How to cut plants


For example, a plant cut excessively with respect to its needs is weakened and at the same time deprived of the air it needs, and this leads to an easier germination of the spores. Attention must also be paid to the cutting of the leaves, even more so if it is not clean, that is to say with scissors: it frays the surface of the leaf, and in this way favors its exposure to the appearance of the spores, which can take advantage, between the other, of softer plant tissues. Finally, an excessively frequent cut ends up debilitating the turf, especially during periods of considerable drought. It should be remembered, moreover, that when the lawn is still wet (for example after it has been watered, or after it has rained), it favors not only the spread of the spores, but also a massive germination.

How to irrigate



For the purposes of lawn care, therefore, it is necessary to administer irrigation correctly, preferably choosing to work early in the morning, without exaggerating with the quantities but avoiding limiting yourself too much. It is however essential to remember that a high level of humidity favors the appearance of fungal diseases: for this reason, care must be taken to avoid water stagnation by avoiding an excellent drainage of the soil. Even the compaction of the soil could be harmful: it must be carried out using appropriate coring and ventilation, only in the spring and autumn months.

Attention to the formation of the felt


Another suggestion is that of practicing energetic sfeltrature, as the formation of the felt prevents a good growth of the turf, representing at the same time a source of dangerous spores. Having said that the pH of the earth should have a value of about 6, so as to disadvantage almost all mushrooms, whoever takes care of a lawn must also act in such a way as to avoid abundant nitrogenous fertilizations in periods other than spring: they would the effect of making the leaf more turgid.

If the infestation appears


In the event that an infestation appears despite having taken all the precautions indicated so far, the only possible solution is to use a fungicide. Therefore, it is necessary to be able to identify which is the species of fungus that carried out the attack, in such a way as to identify a specific fungicide: if this is not possible, it will be necessary to use an antifungal product with a broad spectrum of action, that eliminates any type of pathogenic fungus. A program of preventive treatments, which includes the use of broad-spectrum anticryptogamic drugs, can be useful to avoid problems: it will be enough to put it into practice once a month starting from spring. Naturally, each treatment must be carried out with the utmost attention to the specified dosages, distributing the product through the irrigation system and using the special shoulder pump, so as to ensure uniform diffusion. Fungicides, it should be remembered, are not very toxic products, but this does not mean that common precautions should not be respected such as using them in windy days, in the presence of animals or children, without protective mask or gloves.