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Over the centuries, the traditional Ikebana has evolved into multiple styles that stand out for the use of containers, objects, flowers and layout methods, but floral art has never lost its primary reason: to embody a process of choice and composition not only aesthetic, but above all interior, to be enjoyed and enjoyed. Ikebana is in fact an expression of joy and love for nature, it is a creative art that has the purpose of "reviving flowers", but it is above all a spiritual discipline which, through the arrangement of flowers according to certain norms, aims to achieve balance and harmony. Although it was born as a religious ritual, its principles have been adapted to all everyday contexts: reproducing natural forms at home on a reduced scale, the Japanese floral art aims to create a relationship between man and Nature and to activate a constant connection between inside and outside.Ikebana is based on line, rhythm and color. Its fundamental concept is the triple symbolism: sky, man and earth form the general framework of the composition, reproducing the main categories of the Universe. Branches and flowers are therefore arranged according to a ternary system, forming an irregular triangle: the longest branch, called "primary" or "Shin", is the main axis and represents the sky, the shortest and most exposed branch, called "tertiary "Or" Hikae ", represents the earth; the intermediate branch, "secondary" or "Soe", is a symbol of man. All the elements must be firmly fixed to a support, giving the impression of belonging spontaneously, without effort, to the same trunk; great importance is also given to the surrounding space, which must be empty and white, a natural expression of air and of the invisible.ikebana: MATERIALS AND FLORIGRAPHY
While western compositions look at the quantity, color and symmetry of the work, Japanese art is attentive above all to sobriety and to the exaltation of the essence of each element, in an irregular yet harmonious whole.
All the elements used (branches, leaves, herbs, flowers) should preferably be organic in nature and grow spontaneously during the composition. Flowers that have completely blossomed are rarely used, so that they do not obscure the elegance of the line and it is possible to contemplate the flowering. Furthermore, the flowers that have already blossomed tend to dry up and die quickly, suggesting an idea of transience and decomposition that does not fit the philosophy of Ikebana, whose purpose is instead to let the cut flowers continue to live.
According to Japanese culture, each flower conveys a particular message and expresses the deepest feelings of the human soul. Ikebana, therefore, is also closely linked to festivities and family celebrations, so that a given composition is suitable for every situation: for example, daffodils, orchids and peonies wish two young spouses joy, prosperity and longevity; for the feast of girls, celebrated at the beginning of March, peach buds are used; for the party of the boys, at the beginning of May, the ireos; the bamboo, pine and plum triad, but also chrysanthemums, cherry blossoms and red berries are propitiatory to New Year.