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The iris is easy to grow and maintain. It is a plant with low claims that it grows even on poor soils and does not want large fertilizations. It prefers the areas in full sun and resists very well to drought even if it still tolerates the partial shade. Its soil must be well drained and it is essential to pay attention to stagnant water and rot. Over time, to have larger and richer flowers, it is good to regularly divide the bulbs. And to prolong the flowering season, if you take into account that an iris flower lasts more or less two weeks but that there are varieties of iris barbata that last much longer, just mix the bulbs together. The same argument is valid if we want an early flowering: it will suffice to add some species of iris nano that bloom earlier than the others. Some qualities of iris bloom in late winter and mid-spring but in nature some varieties are found even in autumn.BETWEEN HISTORY AND LEGEND
In Greek mythology, Iris, daughter of Elettra and Taumante, was the messenger of the Gods who used her rainbow to deliver Earth from Olympus and vice versa to deliver her missives. And the iris was named this way because its vast range of colors available in nature is reminiscent of the rainbow. According to legend, it was King Louis VII of France (1120-1180) who chose this flower as a symbol of the nation: as he returned from a battle, he passed by an iris field and for the beauty of the colors, he was enchanted. The flower was initially called "Fleur de Louis" which was later confused with the lily, the "Fleur de Lis" and in the Middle Ages it was begun to mistakenly spread the rumor that the emblem of France was the lily. And the same mistake was made also in Italy: even on the coat of arms of the city of Florence the lily soon appeared which was actually an iris.
The iris, like many other flowers, has different meanings depending on the color. In general, in the language of flowers, the iris brings the good news and is a symbol of good luck and fidelity. If yellow indicates a great love passion while white represents purity. The blue iris refers to faith and hope; viola is the emblem of wisdom. Precisely for this reason it is often donated to graduation parties. Also in Asia the iris was considered a flower with an important meaning: it was used as an effective talisman against the dark forces of evil. He was even drawn on the armor of armies in war, to protect them from death and enemies. In fact, in Japan, the iris has remained one of the national emblems.
Iris flowers: THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES
The iris, in some way, also becomes part of officinal plants, as an effective remedy against some diseases.
But what are the problems that this flower can solve? Iris can be useful as a natural remedy against migraine for example. In this case it immediately stops the pain in the temples and gives a feeling of relief around the eyes, where pain is usually concentrated. But the iris extract can also be effective for digestion problems, dampening heartburn and relaxing the abdominal walls affected by inflammation. In this way it helps to prevent more serious problems such as bacterial infections and ulcers.
Iris extracts have been used in pharmacy and herbal medicine for several centuries but it is a fact that their characteristics allow them to be used also in cosmetics, for example. The rhizomes of this plant are effective for cell renewal and are often found in powders but also in women's creams and lotions, especially dedicated to the difficult period of menopause.