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Design a small garden
Currently, in the hectic days of the 21st century, the search for a quiet moment is becoming increasingly important for people. One of the best ways to create a small haven of peace is undoubtedly to design and build a small domestic garden.
It is not necessary to have immense surfaces: to create a small parcel of domestic greenery, even a simple balcony or a modest plot of land in the clearing in front of the door is sufficient. What is important is to know how to perfectly organize the available space, carefully choosing the type and layout of the plants that will make up the garden.
Given that in the vast majority of cases small gardens hosted some pieces of furniture - tables, chairs or chairs - it is important to take into account that these should be integrated harmoniously into the surrounding environment: if possible it is always better to favor metal or solid wood rather than plastic with excessive colors gaudy.
In rural areas, the design of a garden is much simpler, as the large spaces available make it possible to insert any type of architectural or landscape element that is deemed appropriate, just as there are no big limits to the types of plants that will make up the green space.
In the city, on the other hand, the narrowness of the available spaces - often limited to the apartment's balcony only - requires gardening enthusiasts to work hard to make the most of every single square inch of land available. Limited spaces also reduce the margins of error in design to a minimum: the choice of a wrong solution will irreparably compromise the harmony of the interior of the garden.
The analysis of the available spaces
First, it is essential to examine the area in which the garden will be created, and to consider its exposure to sunlight and its humidity: a shaded environment obviously better suits certain types of plants rather than others, as well as a damp soil will not be particularly suitable for plants that favor dry climates.
If there is already a garden in the area chosen for the new green space, it is essential to examine it and assess which elements can be used in the new project. If there are adult trees, the recommended choice is not to cut them, keeping the old plants and integrating them in the new garden. In fact, to grow a tree it may need at least ten years.
Having made these simple preliminary considerations, it is then good practice to evaluate other parameters, related to those who will use the garden: how long it is expected to continue to reside in the reference home of the garden, how long you would like to wait before making it (can serve even several years, due to the aforementioned period required for trees to reach adulthood), how much time can be devoted to maintaining the area once it is built.
Once the answer to these questions is obtained, it is possible to proceed with the organization of the spaces and the actual design of the garden.
To avoid mistakes - which, as already mentioned, can be fatal in a restricted area - it is good to draw a planimetry in scale of the space that will be used as a garden, using sheets of graph paper from surveyors. On the map all possible obstacles to the design of the garden must be represented (gates, manholes, street lamps, houses of domestic animals and any pre-existing plants that you wish to keep).
It should be noted that the garden is able to satisfy various needs of the daily life of a person or a family. It can be used for children to play safely, to hang out laundry after washing, to park bicycles or the car, to organize barbecues with friends, to keep a pet or to plant some fruit trees. In a large country garden, these functions can be carried out simultaneously and without problems: in the city instead, due to the limited spaces, it is a priority to choose which are the most important functions among those listed above and, once the two or three main ones are chosen , neglect the others.
As far as the plants that make up the garden are concerned, there are a few factors to consider, which are crucial for their life: exposure to sunlight, humidity of the environment and type of the underlying soil.
If there are no adult trees in the area (shrubs and bushes can be easily transplanted), you can proceed with the design.
If you want to plant trees, it is better to place them in the corners of the ground: in this way the central space will remain free, and you can then fill them with bulb plants, shrubs and annual plants. Furthermore, it must be considered that trees absorb large amounts of "nourishment" from the soil: in case you decide to plant them in the center of the garden, very little would remain for the other plants, which would be affected by appearing weak and faded.
As for the minor components of the garden - shrubs, bulb plants and annual plants - it is good practice to choose them carefully, considering both the periods and the colors of their flowering to obtain a harmonious effect. It is always good to avoid choosing a very large variety of plants, as in the case of a small space an unpleasant sensation of saturation will be transmitted.