Apartment plants

Flowering plants

Flowering plants



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Flowering plants


The flowering plants or Angiosperms are vegetables characterized precisely by the presence of flowers, which have the function of protecting the seed contained in an ovary. Flowers can be considered as modified shoots, consisting of four parts:
° cup: it is the outermost crown formed by sepals, generally of green color
° corolla: it is the crown placed internally and is formed by petals of different colors
° stamens and anthers: they are the male reproductive organs and produce pollen
° pistil: it is the female reproductive organ and contains ovary with seeds
The flower performs some fundamental functions: first of all it acts as a protective covering for the seeds and for the organs responsible for fertilization; then it serves to attract the insects responsible for the pollination process. The Angiosperms, or flowering plants, are extremely widespread due to their resistance and ability to adapt to different climatic conditions.
Before making the choice of one of these plants it is important to consider some aspects:
- type of environment in which they will be placed
- weather conditions
- light exposure
- coexistence with other plants

Fuchsia



It is a shrub that, depending on the species, can be deciduous (with annual leaves) or perennial (with evergreen leaves). Presents very branched stems, of a semi-woody nature, with a dark green color tending to reddish. The leaves are oval or lanceolate, with whole or serrated edges and have a bright green color.
The beautiful flowers (they are the main attraction of the plant), with an exotic appearance, are shaped like a tubule, pendants, with a chalice formed by 4 sepals and a very colorful corolla formed by 4 petals. Their colors turn from pink to red, to orange, to lilac which is the most typical color. The fruits are small, fleshy berries. It prefers very bright environments, even if it does not require direct exposure to sunlight that could cause premature withering of the leaves. It fears low temperatures, except the rustic variety which is very robust. It requires soft and well drained soils, rich in organic material and possibly enriched with sand. It is advisable to water regularly, even if not abundantly, to avoid water stagnation.

Aquilegia



It is a very decorative ornamental plant. It has herbaceous stems of medium height (up to 90 centimeters), which support leaves arranged in circular tufts with a green color tending to blue, with a long stalk. The flowers, which are positioned at the center of the leaves, are hermaphroditic and have a funnel-shaped, spherically symmetrical calyx-shaped goblet. They have a chalice formed by 5 sepals and a corolla formed by 5 petals. The colors are very lively and turn from white to blue to violet. Flowering is very abundant in spring and lasts until June. The fruits are seed-rich woody capsules. It requires a soft, dry, well-drained soil rich in organic substance, possibly even sand that facilitates the drainage process. It adapts to all weather conditions, being a rather resistant and ubiquitous plant. It does not have a long life cycle. It prefers shady environments as it does not tolerate direct exposure to the sun's rays. Watering should be done regularly, at least once a week, especially during the warm months, but with little water.

Episcia


The name of this plant comes from the Greek and means: shady (episkios)
It is indeed a very decorative vegetable that lives well in shady and cool places.
It has herbaceous stems up to 20 centimeters high which, after an initial height development, begin to develop horizontally, with a creeping development, forming true grassy mats. It can also have a falling trend. The leaves are large in size and are bright green in color, crossed by numerous white veins. The flowers have a tubular corolla, with gradation colors ranging from white to pink to red to lilac. It requires a soft, well-draining soil, possibly enriched with peat and sand. It lives well in sheltered and cool areas of the undergrowth, both in the plains and in the mountains. It prefers a temperate climate, fears the cold and does not live if the temperature is below 15 degrees. Watering must be regular, even if scarce: it is sufficient to wet the plant once a week during the warm months, and twice a month during the cold months. Fertilization is recommended only once a year, with liquid fertilizers rich in mineral salts.

Pretty Woman



It is a perennial plant, with a branched and vigorous stem, which can reach a height of 70-150 centimeters. It has oval, dark green leaves, covered with hairs that are the cause of the unpleasant smell that it gives off. The hermaphrodite flowers have a chalice with 5 sepals and a corolla with 5 petals, with a violet color and darker streaks. The fruits are small black berries, surrounded by a glass that opens like a star to emit them, shiny and sweet, with a pleasant but poisonous appearance for humans. In fact, their ingestion causes: tachycardia, dyspnea, dizziness, a sense of dizziness, muscular fatigue, incoordination of movements, hallucinations, collapse, up to death. In homeopathic medicine, active ingredients are extracted from belladonna to fight fever. It lives well in mountainous areas, up to 1400 meters, in preferably deep, well-drained, non-acid soils with a calcareous component. It prefers the shady areas of the woods and the cool climates and does not fear the cold. He does not like the direct sunlight that could damage both leaves and flowers, making them wither.

Bessera



It is a plant also called "Gocce di corallo" for its particularly beautiful flowers. It presents herbaceous stems of medium size, which initially grow vertical and then lie down on the ground, developing horizontally. The leaves are cylindrical, of an intense green color, very long and thin. The flowers are large, very decorative, with a pendulous pattern, orange or red, and have a very long life cycle. It is a delicate plant that requires a lot of care. It prefers soft soil, enriched with sand and peat, well drained. Fears the cold very much.