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Transplant the plants
Transplantation is an indispensable operation for plants but often, this involves enormous inconvenience to the plant as it is seen as being uprooted from its home to pass into another. Yet transplanting plants is essential for those species that do not grow well and spring is the right time to do this. The evening before the transplant, wet the earth of the pot where the plant is staying and remove all the dried leaves and flowers. If necessary, make a small pruning and wash the pot very well where the plant will be buried and if it is of terra cotta, leave it to soak all night. There are two methods of transplanting the plants: the one with the bare root and the one with the earth bread. In both cases, one must be careful about watering, which must not be too much or too little, otherwise the transplant will fail.
How to perform a bare root transplant
This type of transplant is carried out for those plants that manage to remain less traumatized than the others because they are more resistant and strong. Among them we remember the walnut or cherry. However they too must be treated with particular regard because they suffer equally, especially their root system which is the part that will suffer most. The place where the plant will be transplanted, be it a vase or a garden, must be covered with a layer of sand on the bottom and if the plant is not transplanted immediately, it must be given special treatment. It must be kept in a compound of peat and sand. Once the plant is planted, it will be cleaned of all the old earth, using a soft bristle brush. The roots will be cut in some points under the collar and in a very clear manner. The place where the plant will be laid, must be well watered before the plant is planted and when this operation is carried out, one must be extremely careful not to ruin the plant's root system.
How to carry out transplanting with ground bread
The transplantation with ground bread is carried out for those delicate plants that are presumed to suffer very much from the change of the dwelling and above all that they will not have the possibility of regenerating the root system inevitably ruined after extraction. These plants, such as the camellia and the azalea, even if treated with all possible precautions, will unfortunately suffer damage to the roots. The transplant done in this way, can be carried out at any time of the year apart from those periods of frost or sultry heat because the delicate roots of these plants, would not be able to take root in the new home. This technique involves many repotting operations because the plant can reach the desired dimensions. The nurseries widely adopt this technique which provides that the earthen bread that the plant has around the roots, should not be affected in order not to risk destroying the roots of the plant. Practically, since the roots have all remained in the clod of earth that has been extracted, it will not be affected in any way and will be put in a new home in this way. The transplant can be done manually but it is preferable to do it with a tiller because it is safer. In contrast to bare-root transplantation, this transplant requires that the plant should be immediately repotted and immediately irrigated.
Transplanting plants: How to treat plants after transplanting
As we have been able to understand, the plants have been traumatized after the change of residence and now we have to treat them with all regards just like a sick man convalescing. Their radical apparatus has undoubtedly suffered so therefore we place them in a place where not too much sun arrives. They need to be constantly irrigated but without water stagnation to prevent the roots from becoming moldy. Even if we see the slightly wilted plant, we must rest assured because it will return more lush than before in less than a week. As soon as the plant is invigorated, we will notice it with a more erect posture and shiny leaves and at this point we should spray it with a spray, with fresh water and then expose it to the sun to make it enjoy a little warmth. In the evening we will put it back in a more sheltered place until its condition is definitely optimal and only then, can we place it in the place where it will remain forever. We also remember to fertilize it periodically and to fertilize it as needed, always checking the irrigation that must keep the soil always moist. If it is a matter of plants that have undergone a change of residence in a garden, we will observe the same rules of care after transplanting naturally without being able to move the plant but taking care to cover it with a TNT cloth (non-woven fabric) in case of cold or sudden frost. and off-season.