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Plants for vegetable garden
After having worked the soil well, removing the stones and moving the clods, it is advisable to make a basic project on how you intend to "furnish" the garden, evaluating which plants to enter and which crops to prepare. First of all it is necessary to clarify that taking care of a vegetable garden is a real job, as well as a passion, given that it is both the time required to ensure that our crops have long life. There are many jobs required by the earth according to the seasons and based on the type of plant placed in the garden: from the preparation of the soil to sowing, from irrigation to mulching, from the removal of weeds to those of unwanted animals such as snails. Following the lunar calendar and the indications of how many of them may be more than us, at the end of the vegetative cycle, surprising results will be obtained and, if all goes well, we will be able to enjoy fruits and vegetables born and grown without the use of harmful chemicals. disrespectful of the environment. Following a garden is ultimately a rewarding experience that always pays for the enormous sacrifices made to take care of the earth. With this simple but effective guide we want to offer you a series of crops and plants that you too can install in your garden; we decided to divide this writing into a couple of chapters, differentiating according to whether it is fruit or vegetables to give each of you the opportunity to begin to become familiar with this new world and start sketching a first organization.
Let's start with citrus fruits, warning immediately that these are shrubs that require some basic conditions to reach excellent results: first of all, the ideal temperature for vegetation and production must never fall below 0 in the winter months and, in any case, must always be between 7 ° and 28 ° in the summer period.
Having said this, it is clear that the regions of Southern Italy are naturally advantageous while, if you live in colder areas, it is good to repair the shrubs with greenhouses.
It is good to keep these species in places that are not very exposed to the wind, leaving space between them to allow the sun's rays to reach them.
Another very popular plant in Italy is the khaki, which can even exceed 10 meters in height and produces round and succulent fruits to be detached in November.
However, at the time of harvest the khaki are not ready to be enjoyed yet; it is necessary to leave them some time in a box with a couple of apples to allow them to reach the ideal point of ripeness.
The khaki plant does not tolerate too moist and calcareous soils but can be installed both in mild and in colder areas, taking care to administer a generous dose of organic fertilizer at the beginning of the spring period.
Let's now pass to the fig tree, a shrub that reaches eight meters high with large and wrinkled leaves: there are varieties that produce fruit twice a year but in general the most common ones produce the harvest in August and September.
The ideal soil for a good cultivation of the fig tree is calcareous and stony and as far as temperatures are concerned it has no particular requirements even if, going down 8 or 10 degrees below zero, you risk seeing the plant die.
We come to the strawberry, which is a bit like the queen of small-scale fruit plants: we talk about a plant that barely reaches 20 cm in height and, therefore, is loved above all by those who do not have large spaces available .
In spring the production of small white flowers begins, which will give life to the red fruits that we all know and appreciate during the summer.
The strawberry is a perennial plant that resists, therefore, even in the winter months although it tends to lose all the leaves and then return to bloom in the spring of the following year.
The apple tree is another very widespread plant especially in the northern regions due to its predilection for colder and more humid climates; just think that the greatest production of apples is in the Alps and in particular in Trentino Alto Adige.
Let us now talk about what it is possible to sow and / or transplant in the part of the vegetable garden dedicated to vegetables and all the small aromatic plants.
Keep in mind that every plant has a cultural need of its own, therefore we recommend that you find a lunar calendar valid for the vegetable garden (on the net you will find already compiled by the most expert) where you will be shown what you can sow in a given period depending on of the moon phases.
Having said that, take into account that it is good to sow the seedlings in small seedlings kept humid and repaired and then plant the new plants once they have reached a certain height.
Among the most widespread and appreciated plants in the gardens there are undoubtedly onions and garlic; having an underground development, it is good that the ground is soft and very well worked with a good degree of fertility.
The same also applies with regard to, therefore, potatoes and carrots that grow underground and which must have the possibility of throwing and growing without encountering obstacles.
Also that of the radish is one of the most used plants in the gardens given its simplicity of germination: it is an annual plant that has a short vegetative cycle. It is sown starting from February until the end of July and it is possible to spread the seed directly on the ground, taking care to maintain a certain distance between the rows.
The crop of the radish fruit will take place one month after sowing and care must be taken not to let the soil in which it was sown dry out, fearing it as drought periods.
The species to be preferred
Let's move on to cabbage, which is widespread in the gardens of central and southern Italy, loving temperate climates; prefers well-fertilized soils and it is advisable to prepare a mulch to avoid the emergence of weeds.
Tomatoes, peppers and aubergines are annual plants that give abundant fruit in the warm months. It is good to sow them when the minimum temperatures do not go below 15 ° C or, if necessary, to use seedlings in the previous months kept sheltered and warm.
Instead, the courgette is sown in March, April and May by placing three seeds for each hole made; when the seedlings begin to grow, the most robust will be kept alive and the others will separate, eventually going to transplant them to other parts of the garden.
The rocket is one of the simplest salads to cultivate adapting to all types of soil and giving more spicy and tasty leaves if they are grown with little water.
In spring it is sown directly in the open ground and we suggest to proceed with more sowing throughout the year to always have fresh salad available.
Fennel grows in our garden from the end of summer when temperatures start to fall and the vegetative cycle ends with the end of the cold season.
It is good to work the soil carefully, keeping it soft and soft to give life to the fennel.
This is a brief overview of what you can do in your garden; depending on your tastes and your needs, of course, you can try out different crops alternating throughout the year depending on the temperatures they require.