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The relationship between flowers, plants and the Moon
Most people, despite having a garden and love plants and flowers, underestimate the relationship between them and Luna, ignoring the scientifically proven fact that the bond that unites them is instead very strong. The moon revolves around the earth in 29 days and, depending on its position, from the earth one can see all, or only a part, of its illumination by the sun. These different forms under which the moon appears are called lunar phases and usually follow one another at a distance of about 7 days one from the other: 1) we speak of the new moon, or new moon, when from our observation point we do not see the Moon illuminated by the sun but only its half in shadow; 2) we speak of the first quarter of the Moon when we observe only half of the part illuminated by the sun; 3) we speak of the full moon, when we observe the whole part illuminated by the sun and finally we speak of the last quarter of the Moon when we can finally observe, thanks to the rotation, the second half of the part illuminated by the sun. Having said this, we must keep in mind that we are talking about a crescent Moon when the visible slice of the Moon increases with the curved part facing west, while we talk about a waning Moon when the illuminated part decreases with the curved part facing east. Knowing the lunar phases to perfection is very important for our plants and flowers because sowing and transplanting, if they are done with the right Moon, give far better results than those made at random. It is therefore advisable to keep a lunar calendar on hand whenever you decide to transplant, graft or sow flowers and plants or garden shrubs, so as to guarantee excellent results and do not lie in bad surprises. Generally almost all plants and almost all types of flowers must be sown or grafted in the presence of the crescent moon, there are however some exceptions that it is good to know. For many people the cultivation of plants and flowers in the garden has now become their own and true pastime that allows them to escape from the monotony and frenzy of everyday life; however, like any hobby, it needs a constant commitment and maintenance as well as compliance with certain rules, first of all, precisely, the influence of the moon through its phases.
Families and types of plants and flowers
As you well know in nature there are different types of plants and flowers which, however, can be classified into large families: herbaceous, acidophilic plants, annual plants, climbing plants and perennial plants; these are divided into different types such as bulbous plants, shrubs, evergreens and trees. Each of these families has different characteristics: the herbaceous plants are made up of a stem bearing leaves or flowers but which is totally devoid of woody tissues; 2) acidophilic plants are those plants that need an acid soil to grow: the acidity of the soil can be measured using an instrument called a ph meter which, as far as the acidophilic plants are concerned, will never have to give values above 6 , 5 ph, otherwise we will risk exposing our flowers or plants to diseases; 3) the annual plants are those plants that complete a complete cycle in a year, being born, producing and dying within 365 days. Annual plants can be divided into spring annuals and autumn annuals. 4) We then have climbing plants, which are made up of all those invasive plants naturally resistant to wind, sun, rain and finally 5) we have perennial plants that continue their life cycle over the years. Regarding the types of plants and flowers that we have mentioned 3 of them deserve additional explanations that may be useful to you for a hypothetical ornamental choice of your garden:
1) the bulbous plants are subdivided in turn into bulbous, tuberous and rhizomatous plants and are endowed with a bulb, a sort of radical spring onion which allows them an easy rooting on the ground, obviously if irrigated properly, and usually give a generous flowering;
2) the shrubs can be pollonants (that is, they emit from the roots many shoots that widen the vegetation very quickly) or monocauli (with the branching that develops from a single very short stem), usually the most chosen are those that pollinate for the speed with which pervade the garden;
3) The evergreens, finally, renew their leaves gradually so that they do not fall all together during the autumn or winter thus giving a sense of luxuriance and life to our garden.
Flowers and plants: How to treat plants and flowers
To best take care of the plants and flowers of our garden we must first practice constant and careful maintenance so as not to make our work in vain by reducing it to a simple gardening experiment. It is not recommended to use fungicides and insecticides because the garden plants, usually ornamental, are more sensitive and therefore risk dying too. Every plant, as well as every flower, needs not roughly invasive attention. The simplest are given by the irrigation and the position given to it in the garden. If you realize that the position is not suitable and that the plant suffers from it, you can easily move it, taking care not to damage the root system. First of all it must be pruned by shortening all the branches by at least half to limit their evaporation by means of the foliage and making an incision on the ground, around the plant, with a diameter equal to the diameter of the seedling before being pruned, with the depth of incision about half of its diameter: the larger the clod that will come off together with the root apparatus the more the plant will have the chance to survive. Once you have made sure that all the plants have the right place in the garden and that they do not suffer from the wind, the sun or the little water, you must treat them through pruning, because through it, in addition to giving a new shape to herbaceous , various shrubs and plants you can keep under control any diseases avoiding their propagation. In addition to this pruning allows the rejuvenation of the vegetation making your garden more luxuriant. To perform a good curative pruning it is necessary that the instruments used (the scissors, the pruning, the saws and the knives) are well cleaned: it is therefore necessary to carefully clean them with alcohol or to pass a flame quickly on their blades, protecting them from oxidation by putting them back carefully in their case in a dry environment.