Camellia flowers

Camellia flowers

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History of the flower

Karl Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist and taxonomist, was the first to give his name to this beautiful flower, although the history of camellia in Europe started in England. Despite the unfavorable climate, it was cultivated in very large greenhouses. The first specimens arrived in this country in the 18th century, although it was a plant reserved for the court elite, given its very high cost. Its Japanese variant spread rapidly instead through the royal and princely courts especially in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and France. At the beginning of the 19th century, the mayor of Nantes discovered that camellias could survive very well outside the greenhouses, since the area to the west of France had a particularly favorable climate. So many nurseries were created in Brittany, where different species were cultivated. The first evidence of the use of camellia and its relative cultivation in China date back to around 5,000 years ago. It is said to have been used mainly to make the delicious tì sinensis. Don't forget that in China, tea is an ancient drink consumed for millennia. In Anglo-Saxon countries, the camellia spread like wildfire, arriving in the United States in the 18th century. The Japonica species was imported from England mainly to reach the impressive greenhouses of New York, Philadelphia and Charleston. His journey continued to Sacramento, California, where it held up well despite the very hot climate. The camellias then made their first appearance in Australia in 1826, receiving many consents, also because the area presented an ideal climate for their cultivation. In the second half of the nineteenth century, thanks to the worldwide success of Dumas with his famous novel 'La signora delle camelie', published in 1848, it became even more popular in the French aristocracy.


To sow this flower, remember that its roots are rather superficial, so it will be necessary to dig a very deep furrow. Camellia also grows well in garden pots, but if left untreated, it will become dry, bare and its leaves will soon fade. Generally it is better to sow in the spring, so that after the passage of winter it has all this season and summer to settle. To protect her, let her spend the winter in a vase that you will keep away from frost. For flowering, you will have to wait until the end of March, unless it is geographically in an area where frosts are very rare.
Usually it is better to use a real mixture of heath land and humus in equal parts. If possible, place it in a well-aerated soil with a very acid ph because this way the roots will settle better. Make sure that the ground level is always level and there are no clods. Otherwise, it will be better to change area to have enough space to make the roots grow better. To overcome the problem of dead leaves, the soil should never be dry. Also put a good amount of heavy mulch around the main stem. With this expedient the roots will spread, but they will remain at ground level.

How to grow it

It is advisable to avoid placing the plant in a flowerbed very exposed to the morning sun, especially on frosty days. In fact, camellias fear sudden temperature changes. An early frost, followed by sudden rays of sun, could bring down all the gems. However, it will need some sunshine during the day, but always avoiding the hottest hours. Camellias love the shade, especially the one found under the trees. So make sure these lovely plants have enough shade and are sheltered from the wind. The variety called sasanqua tolerates drought very well and consequently needs less water, but at the same time it can be more sensitive to the cold of winter. Its growth is fast and the blooming is abundant and particularly fragrant.

How to protect yourself

It is necessary to protect the camellia plants in the winter season by covering them with transparent veils or tarpaulins, so that they leave the sunlight necessary for their nourishment and the chlorophyll synthesis process. It is also possible to create a sort of artificial house for camellias, placing them in containers without a lid and placing them in places far from the cold. This remedy is particularly valid when the temperature drops below six degrees. Since this low temperature does not occur very often, it is considered an exceptional measure. Camellia is a tree, and experience shows that it can still live very well without the use of covers even in winter, especially when it ages and becomes more and more resistant to bad weather. Pay attention, however, to their first winter, having the precaution of planting the new bulb only at the end of it, in order to avoid any danger of frost. When it snows, you should lightly shake your camellia, so that the lighter snow falls and does not weigh down the leaves. If the snow is hard and has already turned to ice, it is better to do nothing, otherwise the buds will fall during the clumsy attempt to remove the snow. A camellia, firmly planted in the ground, grows strong and resistant. In addition to the original plant, there are some of its more robust varieties that are better able to withstand the cold, such as the Gay Time rather than the Cinnamon Cindy, of a rustic nature by nature. Higos also has a good temper. Not for nothing grows in the icy climate of Belgium. The American varieties are also excellent, such as the so-called Joy of winter and the Colletii, as well as the classic and widespread japonica.

Camellia flowers: How to water

Camellia loves humidity. The roots must remain wet and not be watered excessively until they are flooded, since it would lose its leaves. In this case, you will be able to reduce the amount of watering and if it is placed in a pot, reducing its drainage. In the summer, when the air is dry and hot, give it more water, especially in the evening, better if not calcareous. Irrigation must be constant and regular even during the shoot ripening process, which occurs between two successive flowering periods. Check the plant often during the spring, but especially in the summer and autumn seasons, so as not to make the flowering moment problematic. The part that should be kept under observation concerns the roots. If the soil is dry and dry due to insufficient irrigation, they will die of thirst and the flowers will fall. To make it grow and develop better, use a watering can with a porous onion, so that the water falls like a light drizzle and spreads evenly, without any stress on the plant.