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Create a composition of succulent plants
Assuming that an apartment cultivation would not be very suitable, we will see below how to take care of these wonderful plants. They require great exposure to light, proper ventilation and adequate temperature, especially in winter. We need to equip ourselves with some tools necessary for cultivation: the choice of a suitable pot, possibly in terracotta, tools that include a multipurpose knife, a large decanting spoon, small shears and compounds such as peat, soil, gravel and pebbles. Furthermore, it must be ensured that the substrate for succulent plants must consist of 50% universal soil, 20% of finely shredded inert material, expanded clay, crushed stone, gravel and, for the remaining percentage, non-calcareous river sand. The substrate must be draining to avoid dangerous water stagnation that would cause rot to the roots, to the collar and the growth of dangerous fungi.
How to do a repotting
An important operation is that of repotting, which should be performed when the roots come out of the bottom of the pot. Then proceed to the flaring of the plants, cutting the roots too long in the terminal part and before repotting it will proceed to close the hole of the vase with an overturned earthenware. You will have to add coarse sand, later the finest sand and soil. The surface layer of the soil will be covered with mulch to prevent the growth of weeds. Mulching can consist of the following materials: pumice, perlite, fine gravel, shredded lava material, pieces of bark and expanded clay. In addition to preventing the growth of weeds and retaining a small percentage of humidity, mulching also serves as a decorative element
How and when to water
Another very important process for the succulent plant compositions It consists of watering. Watering when the chosen varieties are in pots cause the death of many specimens if excessive. Plants need water once every two weeks during the growing season, spring and summer, once every three weeks in winter. It is important to pour the water onto the soil and never directly onto the plant. Naturally this operation is valid only for the cultivated plant varieties, for those in full ground the watering is not necessary, since the roots will autonomously absorb the necessary water directly from the ground.
How to practice multiplication
Multiplication is another operation that will be necessary if taken from the "green thumb". If you want you can create new ones succulent plant compositions with two types of multiplication. For some plants it will be gamica, or rather with seeds, for others it will be agamic or asexual, using cuttings and shoots. The gamica multiplication is the one that gives more satisfactions, respecting some essential tricks, among these one is that represented by the soil and the temperature in which the seeds will be stored. The smaller seeds must be housed on a bed of fine fertilized soil and combined with fine sand, the larger ones will suffice to cover them slightly. It is also vital that the soil is maintained with constant humidity. The temperature should vary between sixteen and twenty-one degrees Celsius. After observing the aforementioned rules, after a few days, the first shoots will be born. Agamic multiplication requires that some succulent plants produce sprouts at their base that can be taken from the mother plant and immediately potted to obtain a new plant. As for the cuttings, you can take parts of a plant and place them on the soil. It will be necessary to wait fifteen to twenty days before planting the cutting, waiting for it to dry, making sure it does not rot.
How and when to fertilize
Another important operation is that of fertilization. In fact it is a procedure that provides for fertilizing once a year in the spring with liquid fertilizers. With the fertilization the losses of mineral salts are reintegrated, used in the growth by the fat plants and dispersed with the waterings. In autumn and winter, we must avoid fertilizing because the plants block their growth.
Apartment, terrace and garden: how to select the varieties.
Succulent plants thanks to the great variability of shapes find accommodation in any environment: apartment, terrace and garden. Naturally choosing a species will vary according to the characteristics of light, temperature and humidity of each of the environments in which they will be placed. Starting from the succulent plants to be grown in the apartment, we will have to take into account the available spaces where the composition can be housed. Furthermore, it should not be forgotten that some succulent plants can reach considerable dimensions even if they are grown in pots, therefore they will have to choose species that best adapt to an apartment. Therefore having to make one composition of succulent plants per apartment, we're going to combine species that have similar cultivation needs and that form a harmonious whole. For example, plants with rosette leaves like Echeveria can be combined with spherical and thorny plants such as Echinocactus or Mammillaria. Also to place the compositions of succulent plants on the terrace we will have to take into account the space available. In fact, the cultivation of Opuntie and Agavi are not recommended, as they would not find the right position on the terrace due to their large size. Special advice is given to the choice of medium-sized species such as the Mammillaria, Haworthia and Gasteria. We must not forget that succulent plants must be placed in environments that never fall below five degrees Celsius to survive. Instead, the placement in the garden of a composition of succulent plants is to be recommended only if the climate of the place is warm and dry, otherwise it is advisable to cultivate in pots and put the sheltered plants in the winter period. The plants will have a greater prominence if they are placed side by side between different species but with the same cultural requirements. In the garden the most suitable combinations are those between the Aloe Arborescenns, the Echinocactus, the Euphorbia, the Cleistocactus and the Cereus.
Succulent plants composition: Find out more
Wanting to provide some additional information on the characteristic of succulent plants, we can say that they are equipped with fabrics, defined "succulent", thanks to which they are able to store large quantities of liquids. The succulents absorb the water and store it to redistribute it during periods of drought. Succulent plants adapt to living in dry and arid environments. The surface layer of these varieties is often impermeable, the leaves have turned into spines to reduce transpiration. To conclude, a flowering eye deserves it. Succulent plants bloom in the period from May to November. It often takes years before a plant reaches flowering. When the plant develops in a rosette, the rosette turns into a flower. However, if at the base of the plant there are no other rosettes or suckers, the plant unfortunately dies after flowering. Succulent plants have more than two hundred species. Since some flower in periods different from the others, making a careful selection among different kinds of plants with identical cultivation needs, it will be possible to have succulent plant compositions with blooms all year round. The show they will give us will reward us for all the work and attention we will have reserved for them during the year spent dealing with fertilizing, watering, repotting, mulching, multiplication, etc. It is not necessary to have a perfect green thumb to cultivate this kind of plants, but only with great love.
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