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my stapelia has double pods: do they contain seeds? What process should I follow to use them?
The genus Stapelia is among the most appreciated by lovers of succulent plants: cultivation is not particularly difficult, on condition that you have a greenhouse or a well-lit room for winter shelter. On the other hand, they are capable of giving great satisfaction to their singular appearance and to the large, star-shaped flowers.Characteristics and origins of the Stapelia
Until now they have been identified, spontaneously, more than 60 species of stapelia, coming almost exclusively from South Africa. They are characterized by triangular stems, very branched, initially erect but which over time tend to become prostrate. The color is very variable: there are various shades of green and purple depending on the variety and intensity of the light to which they are exposed. The tips of the stems bear tubercles similar to non-pointed needles. From mid-summer to late autumn they produce beautiful flowers, solitary or in pairs, which are born from the lower parts.
They are very appreciated for their beautiful star shape and for their remarkable dimensions in relation to those of the plant: the smaller ones have a diameter of 6 mm, but there are also those that exceed 30! They are declined in white, pink, brown, red and yellow.
Their fragrance, however, is not pleasant: it resembles that of decaying meat. In fact, this feature is valuable in nature to attract flies and facilitate cross-pollination. The flowers are all hermaphroditic, with both pistils and stamens: once fertilized they produce seeds wrapped in a light silk that helps them to be carried by the wind.
Cultivation of the Stapelia
As we have said, cultivation is not difficult, especially if we are already familiar with the needs of "fat" plants. Indispensable is to respect the minimum winter temperatures, not to exceed in the irrigations absolutely avoiding the water stagnations, particularly in the coldest months.
STAPELIA IN BRIEF
Name, genus, species
Apocynaceae, gen. Stapelia, more than 60 species
|Type of plant||succulent|
|Height||Up to 45 cm|
|Width||Up to 40 cm|
|Leafy color||Green, purple, gray|
|Flowers||Green, white, yellow, orange, brown, purple, purple|
|irrigations||Frequent in spring-summer, read in autumn-winter|
|humidity||Low, especially in winter|
|Substrate||1/3 loam flowering plants, 1/3 soil for cacti, 1/3 of sand|
|fertilizing||Cactaceae + potassium|
|Resistance to cold||Not rustic; temp. Minimum 13 ° C|
|Propagation||Talea; sowing, division|
|Pests and diseases||Rottenness, cochineal|
THE CALENDAR OF STAPELIA
|Composting||Every 15 days (March-August); then every month|
|Winter retreat||From mid-October to April-March|