Fruit and Vegetables

Kiwi grafts

Kiwi grafts

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Question: kiwi grafts

the gem, from which branch should be removed, from any branch or from a branch produced in the same year?

Answer: kiwi grafts

Dear Antonio,
to pick up the scions from a plant you first need to identify a healthy, vigorous fruit plant, of the variety that we think is appropriate; in the case of kiwifruit, in general we look for a female plant that gives fruits of good size and that does not present diseases of any kind. If there is little space, and it is not possible to plant many plants, it is also used to graft onto a female plant a single male branch, which will continue to provide flowers for pollination as it grows. The withdrawal period depends on the type of graft that you want to do: if we intend to make a split graft, we will take the scions when they present the first buds at the end of winter, but when these buds are still well closed. Since the grafting will then be done in the warm climate months, the scions must be immersed in liquid wax, and placed, closed in a dark plastic bag, in the refrigerator or buried in the cool; in general, for the beginner grower, these scions are supplied by an agricultural consortium or by nurseries specialized in this type of cultivation. For the graft to bud instead, the gems are withdrawn at the moment of the graft.
Which branches to choose?
Obviously healthy and vigorous branches are chosen, but the basal suckers of the plant are avoided; the scions are taken from branches that are at least one year old, or produced the previous year; the apical part of a branch is removed, to which the apex is then detached, before using the branch for grafting.